Why are radioactive substances like Cesium 137, Cobalt 60, and Plutonium 238 used to irradiate our food?

  

The Discussions are not simply statements of opinion. They are intended to allow you to expand upon and apply the principles discussed in your textbook, the lectures, and/or other research you conduct. Each week a question will be posed for your consideration. Before answering, you should review the chapters covered during this week and the lectures.Many of the farm-grown/farm-raised foods available today have been treated with pesticides. Meats, which we eat like beef and chicken, have been irritated. Why are radioactive substances like Cesium 137, Cobalt 60 and Plutonium 238 used to irradiate our food? Some benefits are radiation kills bacteria, thenutrtitionalvalue of the food is preserved and food spoilage is reduced and food shelf life is extended. However there are negative side effects of this technology that everyone must be aware of and understand.For the Week 2s Discussion we will be talking aboutIrradiated and Genetically Modified (GM) foods. When discussing this topic in your initial post the following pointsmust beaddressed:1. Discuss a farming practice or treatment practice used to treat crops, crop products, raise animals or treat meats.2. What are some of the reported effects of the treatments on people?[Sources of information must be reliable and credible scientific resources.]3. How are these practices being monitored by the U.S. Federal Government?4. How can the general public research how their food is grown?Your initial post to the discussion isrequiredto be completed and posted by 11:59 p.m. ET Thursday of Week 2. Your initial post isrequiredto be on a specific radiation or genetically modified process that has NOT been posted on by another student AND at least 250 words. ThisMUSTbe in your own words. You arerequiredto include at least one credible and reliable scientific resource of information ONLY and research carefully.DoNOTuse ANY openblogor ANY open source where anyone can post responses and the information is not verified.Please do not plagiarize. Properly cite information used from outside resources per APA with in-text citations immediately following the information and a full reference citation at the end of discussion post.Review the Credible References/APA format folder in the Start Here area of the classroom for additional information on Researching Information and properly citing resources used.You are then required to make at least two additional posts to two other students [or one student and the professor] on two separate days and not posted on the same day as your initial post.The response posts should be at least 100 words and be substantive in nature. If a reference is used in writing a response post, itmustbe an appropriate and reliable academic resource as it is with references used for the initial discussion board response. While pleasantries such as “I agree” or “great job” are nice, they will not count as one of your required posts. A complimentary, philosophical, or off-topic comment does not count as one of the three required entries. For example, it does not help us to tell us that you did not know something before you read an entry. All entries should help everyone understand one or more of the concepts presented.Your posts are required to be posted on at least 3 separate days with all being completed by 11:59 p.m. ET Sunday.Refer to the rubric below to see how points are allotted for the discussion board posts.

Introduction:

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With the increasing demand for food around the world, farmers and food processing industries use several methods to preserve food quality, reduce spoilage, and extend shelf life. Pesticides are one of the most common methods used to protect crops from pests and diseases. However, some of these farm-raised foods may still contain harmful substances, which can pose health risks to consumers. As a result, food irradiation emerged as an alternative food preservation method that aims to kill bacteria and ensure food safety while preserving their nutritional value. But what are the benefits and negative side effects of this technology, and how does the U.S. government monitor the use of irradiated and genetically modified (GM) foods? These are a few of the questions we will be discussing in Week 2’s discussion.

Description:

In this week’s discussion, we will be exploring the various methods used in farming and the food industry to preserve food quality, reduce spoilage, and extend shelf life, mainly through the use of pesticides, food irradiation, and genetic modification. Specifically, we will focus on how radiation such as Cesium 137, Cobalt 60, and Plutonium 238 is being used to kill bacteria, preserve nutritional value, and extend the shelf life of food. Additionally, we will discuss the potential negative consequences of consuming irradiated and GM foods, as well as the monitoring protocols in place by the U.S. government to ensure the safety of these food products. Furthermore, we will explore ways in which the general public can research how their food is grown, while ensuring that we find credible and reliable scientific resources to support our claims. Through this discussion, we hope to gain a deeper understanding of the different food preservation methods available today and their potential impact on our health and the environment.

Objectives:
– To understand the farming and treatment practices used to treat crops, crop products, raise animals or treat meats
– To identify the reported effects of these treatments on people
– To understand how the U.S. Federal Government monitors these practices
– To learn how to research how food is grown

Learning Outcomes:
By the end of this discussion, students will be able to:
– Explain at least one farming or treatment practice used in food production and its effects on people based on reliable and credible scientific resources
– Describe how U.S. Federal Government monitors farming and treatment practices for food
– Identify credible sources to research how food is grown and treated
– Discuss the benefits and negative side effects of irradiated and genetically modified foods

Heading: Introduction
As an expert content writer, I understand the importance of learning about food production and treatment practices. In this discussion, students will have the opportunity to share their knowledge and opinions about the use of irradiation and genetic modification in food production. They will also learn about the monitoring of these practices by the U.S. Federal Government and how to research how their food is grown.

Heading: Discussion Points
1. Farming and treatment practices used in food production – Students will discuss at least one farming or treatment practice used in food production and its effects on people based on reliable and credible scientific resources.
2. Reported effects of treatments on people – Students will identify and discuss the reported effects of the treatments on people based on credible scientific resources.
3. Monitoring of practices by U.S. Federal Government – Students will learn about how the U.S. Federal Government monitors farming and treatment practices for food.
4. Researching how food is grown – Students will explore different ways to research how their food is grown and treated.

Heading: Requirements
Students will be required to post an initial discussion by Thursday of Week 2. The initial post must be at least 250 words and should be in their own words using reliable and credible scientific resources. Proper APA in-text citations and full reference citations must be used. Students will also need to make at least two additional posts to two other students on separate days and not on the same day as their initial post. Response posts must be substantive in nature and use appropriate and reliable academic resources.

Heading: Learning Outcomes
At the end of this discussion, students will be able to:
– Explain at least one farming or treatment practice used in food production and its effects on people based on reliable and credible scientific resources
– Describe how U.S. Federal Government monitors farming and treatment practices for food
– Identify credible sources to research how food is grown and treated
– Discuss the benefits and negative side effects of irradiated and genetically modified foods.

Solution 1: Irradiated Foods

Irradiation is a process that uses ionizing radiation to treat foods in order to improve food safety and extend the shelf life of the food. Cobalt 60, Cesium 137, and Electron-beam are some of the types of radiation used to irradiate food. Irradiation helps in eliminating bacteria and pathogens, controlling pest infestation, and preventing spoilage. However, the use of irradiation on food products has raised health and safety concerns among the general public, Animal rights activists and some researchers.

Some studies have concluded that irradiation can destroy nutrients, alter the taste of foods, cause changes in the chemical composition of food and increase the levels of toxic compounds such as benzene. Moreover, there are concerns that irradiation could mask bacterial contamination and gives a false sense of security. Although the negative effects of irradiation on human health are still a topic of research, regulatory agencies such as the FDA have approved the use of irradiation in food products as a form of food preservation.

The FDA regulates all facilities involved in the food irradiation process, including the equipment manufacturing facilities, irradiation facilities, and dosimeter services to monitor the amount of radiation received by food. Proper labeling is mandatory for all irradiated foods. However, it is important that consumers are educated about the effects of irradiation on foods to make informed decisions while purchasing foods.

Solution 2: Genetically Modified (GM) Foods

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) refer to living organisms such as plants, animals, and bacteria that have been altered genetically, either by direct DNA manipulation or the incorporation of new genes into the organism. Genetic modification in plants is used in the agricultural sector to increase crop yields, boost plant resistance to diseases, pests, and environmental stresses.

Research has shown that GM foods have the potential to cause harmful environmental effects, harm natural ecosystem, and pose risks to human health. The use of GM crops can lead to the emergence of superweeds that are resistant to herbicides, require more water and fertilizer, and increased use of pesticides.

The US federal government regulates the production and sale of genetically modified foods. The responsibility is shared among several agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). GM food products are strictly tested and regulated for nutrient quality, safety, and health effects. One example of such is AquaBounty which is the first genetically modified animal approved for human consumption.

The general public can research how their food is grown by consulting certified retailers, food co-ops, and reading the labels of food products in the supermarket. Information about GM foods can also be sourced from reliable websites such as the US Department of Agriculture, Center for Food Safety, and FDA. It is essential for consumers to understand the potential risks and benefits of consuming genetically modified foods before making any decisions.

Suggested Resources/Books:
1) “Food Irradiation: A Reference Guide” by Dr. E. E. Cooper
2) “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security” edited by Nadia C. Sood and R. S. Chauhan
3) “Introduction to Food Toxicology” by Takayuki Shibamoto and Leonard F. Bjeldanes

Similar asked questions:
1) How do genetically modified crops affect the environment and wildlife?
2) What are the ethical concerns regarding the use of GMOs in food production?
3) How does the FDA regulate the use of pesticides in food production?
4) What potential long-term health effects may arise from consuming irradiated foods?
5) What alternatives are there to using pesticides and irradiation to preserve food shelf life?

Heading: Farming Practices and Irradiated Food
1. Discuss a farming practice or treatment practice used to treat crops, crop products, raise animals or treat meats.
Farmers often resort to chemical pesticides to control pests and herbicides to control weeds. However, radiation technology has also been used to sterilize food and eliminate dangerous bacteria such as E. coli and salmonella. Irradiation exposes food to a controlled amount of ionizing radiation that damages the DNA of living organisms in the food, effectively sterilizing it and killing off potential contaminants.

2. What are some of the reported effects of the treatments on people?
The effects of consuming irradiated food are still being studied. However, some studies have suggested that radiation exposure can damage the nutrients in food and create harmful byproducts called radiolytic compounds. In addition, some individuals may be more sensitive to radiation and may experience allergic reactions or other adverse effects from consuming irradiated food.

3. How are these practices being monitored by the U.S. Federal Government?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates the use of food irradiation and sets guidelines for safe levels of radiation exposure for different types of food. The FDA also requires labeling of irradiated food so that consumers are aware of the process their food has undergone.

4. How can the general public research how their food is grown?
The general public can gather information about the farming practices used to grow their food by reading food labels and researching the companies that produce their food. Additionally, there are government resources like the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service that provide information about how different crops are grown and the various farming practices used.

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