What research method is best used to study how children interact when they don’t think they’re being watched, and what ethical concerns might arise during this type of research?

  

Write a 100- to 150-word response to each of the following
questions associated with each scenario.
1.
A psychologist is interested
in learning more about how children interact with each other during the school
day. The psychologist is particularly interested in discovering the ways in
which children behave when they donot think they are being watched. What research method would be best used to
conduct this type of research, and why? What ethical concerns might be an issue
in this type of research?
2.
As a researcher, I am
interested in learning whether or not there is a connection between sleep and
test scores. I want to know if an increase in sleep improves test scores, for
example. What type of research method would I use, and why? What ethical
concerns might present an issue when conducting this type of research?
3.
If I want to research whether
or not a new medication has an effect
on depression, and I want to compare the medication against a
placebo, what research method might I use, and why? What ethical concerns might
be an issue in this type of research?

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Research is an essential aspect of gaining knowledge and understanding in various fields. Conducting research helps individuals to generate new theories and ideas to find solutions to different problems. There are several research methods that can be used to conduct research on various topics. In this article, we will discuss three different research methods and the ethical concerns that need to be considered while conducting research.

Description:

The article will discuss the three research methods pertaining to three different scenarios. The first scenario involves understanding how children behave when they are not being watched. The second scenario is about the connection between sleep and test scores, and the third scenario pertains to comparing the effects of a new medication against a placebo on depression. Each scenario will discuss the best-suited research method to conduct the research and the ethical considerations that must be taken into account while conducting the research.

1. Scenario One:

A psychologist wants to understand how children behave when they are not being watched. The psychologist is interested in discovering the way children interact with each other during school. In this scenario, the best-suited research method would be observation. Observing children, without them realizing they are being watched, will provide first-hand knowledge of how children behave in their natural environment. However, ethical concerns must be considered while conducting observational research. Children’s personal information must remain confidential, and consent to observe should be obtained from the school administration and parents or guardians.

2. Scenario Two:

A researcher wants to study the correlation between sleep and test scores. The researcher wants to know if increased sleep improves test scores. In this scenario, the best-suited research method would be an experimental research method. This research method aims to establish a cause-and-effect relationship between the two variables. However, ethical considerations must be taken into account while conducting experimental research. The researcher must ensure that the participants are informed of the risks and benefits of participating in the research and provide informed consent.

3. Scenario Three:

A researcher wants to study the impact of a new medication on depression. The researcher intends to compare the effects of the medication against a placebo. The research method that would be best used in this scenario is a randomized controlled trial(RCT). An RCT ensures that the participants are randomly assigned to receive either the medication or placebo and effectively eliminates bias. Ethical concerns that need to be considered include ensuring that the participants provide informed consent and are aware of the risks and benefits of the research. The researcher should ensure that the participants’ personal information remains confidential.

Objectives:
1. To understand the research methods used in studying social behavior of children in school settings
2. To understand the link between sleep and test scores and the research methods used to study it
3. To understand the research methods used to compare the efficacy of new medication against placebo in treating depression

Learning Outcomes:
1. Students will be able to identify the pros and cons of different research methods used in studying social behavior of children in school settings
2. Students will be able to describe the relationship between sleep and test scores, and design a study to investigate this connection
3. Students will be able to compare and evaluate different research methods used to study the efficacy of a new medication, and discuss potential ethical concerns.

1. To investigate the ways in which children behave when they do not think they are being observed, naturalistic observation would be the most appropriate research method. This method involves observing children in their natural environment, without intervention or manipulation. However, ethical concerns such as obtaining informed consent, maintaining confidentiality, and ensuring the safety and well-being of participants may arise in this type of research. Additionally, privacy concerns may arise as the researcher may observe children without their knowledge or consent.
2. A randomized controlled trial would be the most appropriate research method to investigate the connection between sleep and test scores. This method involves randomly assigning participants to one of two groups: an experimental group that receives the intervention (e.g. increased sleep), or a control group that does not. Ethical concerns such as obtaining informed consent, ensuring the safety and well-being of participants, and preventing harm may be a concern in this type of research.
3. A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial would be an appropriate research method to compare the efficacy of a new medication against a placebo in treating depression. This method involves randomly assigning participants to one of two groups: an experimental group that receives the new medication, or a control group that receives a placebo. The study is double-blind, meaning that neither the researchers nor the participants know which group they are in. Ethical concerns such as obtaining informed consent, minimizing risks and discomfort, and ensuring confidentiality may arise in this type of research.

Solution 1:

Method: For the psychologist to learn more about the way children behave when they don’t think they are being watched during school days, the best research method to use would be naturalistic observation. This method allows observation of behavior in a natural setting without intervention or external influence. The psychologist could observe children interactions during school days without their knowledge.

Ethical Concerns: Ethical concerns in naturalistic observation research could be potential harm to the participants and confidentiality of data. To address these concerns, the psychologist can obtain consent from the school and parents; also ensure that observations are unobtrusive, and data are kept confidential.

Solution 2:

Method: To determine if there is a correlation between sleep increase and test scores, the experimental research method would be most appropriate. By randomly assigning participants into two groups, one group that receives the extra sleeping time, and the other group won’t receive the extra sleeping time, then later measuring the test scores of both groups, a correlation between test scores and sleep increase can be determined.

Ethical Concerns: Ethical concerns in experimental research can be the potential harm to participants. To address this concern, consent must be obtained from participants, and supportive measures taken to keep participants’ safety and well-being.

Solution 3:

Method: For the researcher interested in discovering if a new medication is effective in treating depression compared with a placebo, the experimental research method would be most effective. This method also allows participants to be randomly assigned to either a placebo group or a treatment group and then measure the effectiveness of the medication against the placebo.

Ethical Concerns: Ethical concerns in experimental research include harm to the participants, deception, and confidentiality. The researcher should ensure that participants’ privacy and confidentiality are protected, provide adequate informed consent, and support services if necessary. Additionally, deception should be minimised as much as possible.

### Suggested Resources/Books

1. “Observational Methods in Psychology” by Keith A. McQueen
2. “Sleep, Memory and Learning” by Marcos G. Frank
3. “Experimental Design in Behavioral Research” by Roger E. Kirk

### Similar Asked Questions

1. What are some potential ethical concerns in conducting research with human subjects?
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using quantitative vs. qualitative research methods?
3. How do you choose a sample size for a research study?
4. What are some common biases that can affect the validity of research findings?
5. How are research findings translated into practical applications in a specific field?

### Question 1

In this scenario, the best research method to use would be observational research. Specifically, the psychologist could use naturalistic observation to gather data on how children behave when they don’t think they are being watched. This method would allow the psychologist to observe children in their natural environment and record their behavior without interfering.

However, there are ethical concerns related to observational research involving children. For example, the psychologist would need to obtain informed consent from both the children and their parents or guardians. The psychologist would also need to ensure that the children’s privacy and confidentiality are protected, and that the data collected is used only for research purposes.

### Question 2

To study the connection between sleep and test scores, the best research method to use would be an experimental design. Specifically, the researcher could randomly assign participants to either a group that increases their sleep time or a control group that receives no intervention. Then, the researcher could measure the participants’ test scores before and after the intervention to determine if there is a significant difference.

However, there are ethical concerns related to experimental designs involving human subjects. For example, the researcher would need to obtain informed consent from the participants and ensure that they are not harmed in any way. The researcher would also need to clearly explain the purpose of the study and provide debriefing after the study is complete.

### Question 3

To compare a new medication against a placebo in the treatment of depression, the best research method to use would be a randomized controlled trial. This method involves randomly assigning participants to either the medication or placebo group, and then measuring the effects of each intervention on the participants’ depression.

However, there are ethical concerns related to randomized controlled trials. For example, the researcher would need to obtain informed consent from the participants and ensure that they are not harmed in any way. The researcher would also need to clearly explain the potential risks and benefits of both the medication and placebo, and ensure that the participants are not coerced into participating.

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