What is the rationale for using qualitative research methods instead of quantitative research in studying the two groups in the scenario?

  

Assume the role of a chief researcher for the state Department of
Education who is examining two groups with similar educational
deficiencies. One group involved in the study is a rural,
ethnically-defined, aboriginal group with a high rate of health issues
including diabetes, vision impairment, and heart disease. The other
group is also a rural group living on family-owned farms (as opposed to
corporate farms) that are in severe decline as a result of years of
decreasing rainfall and drought. Both groups exhibit achievement test
scores that are more than one standard deviation below the mean at all
grade levels, and excessive high school drop-out rates.
General Requirements:
Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:
Instructors will be using a grading rubric to grade the assignments.
It is recommended that learners review the rubric prior to beginning
the assignment in order to become familiar with the assignment criteria
and expectations for successful completion of the assignment.
Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing
assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success
Center.
This assignment requires that at least two additional scholarly
research sources related to this topic, and at least one in-text
citation from each source be included.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the
directions in the Student Success Center. Only Word documents can be
submitted to Turnitin.
Directions:
Use the scenario presented above to write a paper of 1,000-1,250
words that addresses the use of qualitative research as a means of
studying the two groups in the scenario. Include the following in your
paper:
A rationale for using qualitative research methods instead of quantitative research.
A statement of how the worldviews and paradigms of the researcher
may create bias when applying qualitative research to the given
scenario.

Introduction:

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The education system in the United States is facing challenges in providing equitable educational opportunities for all students. The State Department of Education has identified two groups with similar educational deficiencies. One is an ethnically-defined aboriginal group residing in rural areas with a high rate of health issues such as diabetes, vision impairment, and heart disease. The other group is a rural group living on family-owned farms that are in severe decline due to years of decreasing rainfall and drought. Both groups show a low level of academic achievement and a high rate of high school dropouts. This paper will argue for the use of qualitative research methods rather than quantitative methods to study these groups.

Description:

Rationale for using qualitative research:

Qualitative research is an approach that involves collecting data through observation, open-ended interviews, and other methods that allow people to express their views in their own words. This approach is particularly useful in exploring complex phenomena that cannot be easily measured or quantified. In the case of the two groups identified by the State Department of Education, their social and economic contexts are complex and unique. Their educational challenges are also intertwined with their cultural backgrounds, which cannot be fully understood through statistical analysis alone. Qualitative research will provide rich and nuanced information that will help to better understand these groups and their educational needs.

Worldviews and paradigms of the researcher:

Research is always conducted within a specific worldview or paradigm, which shapes the way data is collected, analyzed, and interpreted. Researchers’ personal beliefs, values, and assumptions can create biases that affect their interpretation of findings. In the case of the two groups identified by the State Department of Education, the researcher must be aware of their own biases and avoid imposing their perspectives on the data collected. The researcher must also be sensitive to the cultural backgrounds and experiences of the participants in the study to ensure that their views are accurately represented. By acknowledging and addressing potential biases, the researcher can strengthen the credibility and validity of the study.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, qualitative research methods provide a valuable complement to quantitative methods in the study of educational challenges faced by marginalized groups. By examining the unique contexts and experiences of individuals, qualitative research can provide in-depth and rich information that can inform educational policies and practices. However, the researcher must be aware of their own biases and avoid imposing their perspectives on the data collected. By approaching the study with a critical and reflexive perspective, qualitative research can provide valuable insights into the educational challenges faced by rural, marginalized groups.

Objectives:
1. To understand the educational deficiencies of two rural groups with different backgrounds through qualitative research.
2. To identify the healthcare challenges faced by a rural, ethnically-defined, aboriginal group and the impact on their academic achievement.
3. To explore the impact of environmental challenges on the education of a rural group living on family-owned farms.

Learning Outcomes:
Upon completion of this assignment, learners will be able to:
1. Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative research methods and justify the use of qualitative research in studying the educational deficiencies of the two rural groups.
2. Evaluate the potential for researcher bias resulting from differing worldviews and paradigms when conducting qualitative research on the two rural groups.
3. Analyze the healthcare challenges faced by the rural, ethnically-defined, aboriginal group and its impact on academic achievement.
4. Describe the impact of environmental challenges, such as decreasing rainfall and drought, on the education of the rural group living on family-owned farms.
5. Write a scholarly paper using APA style that integrates at least two additional sources and one in-text citation from each source.

Headings:
I. Introduction
– Background of the study
– Purpose of the study
II. Qualitative Research Methods
– Definition and explanation
– Justification for using qualitative research in the given scenario
III. Worldviews and Paradigms
– Explanation and types of worldviews and paradigms
– Potential for researcher bias in qualitative research
IV. Rural, Ethnically-Defined, Aboriginal Group with Health Issues
– Description of healthcare challenges faced by the group
– Impact of healthcare challenges on academic achievement
V. Rural Group Living on Family-Owned Farms
– Description of environmental challenges faced by the group
– Impact of environmental challenges on education
VI. Conclusion
– Summary of key findings and contributions to the understanding of educational deficiencies in rural communities
VII. References

Solution 1:

One potential solution for studying the two groups in the scenario using qualitative research would be to conduct ethnographic research. Ethnography is a qualitative research method that involves immersing oneself in a particular culture or group to understand their values, beliefs, and practices. This method would be particularly useful for studying the rural, ethnically-defined, aboriginal group, as it would allow for a deep understanding of their cultural context and how it impacts their educational experiences.

Another potential solution would be to use phenomenological research, which investigates people’s lived experiences of a particular phenomenon. This could be useful for studying the experiences of both groups in terms of their educational deficiencies. For example, researchers could conduct in-depth interviews with students who have dropped out of high school to understand their reasons for leaving and what factors contributed to their difficulties in school.

Solution 2:

A potential solution for studying the two groups in the scenario using qualitative research would be to conduct case study research. Case studies are detailed investigations of a particular person, group, or situation, and are often used to explore complex phenomena. This method would be particularly useful for studying the rural group living on family-owned farms, as it would allow for a deep understanding of the unique challenges they face due to the decline of their farms.

Another potential solution would be to use grounded theory research, which involves developing theories based on the data collected. This could be useful for studying the educational deficiencies of both groups, as it would allow researchers to develop a comprehensive understanding of the factors contributing to low achievement test scores and high drop-out rates. Researchers could start by collecting data through interviews and observations, and then use this data to develop hypotheses, which could then be tested and refined through further data collection and analysis.

In terms of the use of qualitative research methods instead of quantitative research, it is important to note that qualitative research allows for a deep understanding of the experiences and perspectives of the participants, which can be particularly useful when studying complex social phenomena. Additionally, the worldviews and paradigms of the researcher may create bias when applying qualitative research to the given scenario. It is important for researchers to be aware of their own biases and to take steps to minimize their impact on the research, such as through reflexivity and triangulation.

Suggested Resources/Books:
1. “Qualitative Research Methods: A Data Collector’s Field Guide” by Natasha Mack and Laura Killam.
2. “Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation” by Sharan B. Merriam and Elizabeth J. Tisdell.
3. “Doing Qualitative Research: A Practical Handbook” by David Silverman.

Similar Asked Questions:
1. What are the advantages of using qualitative research methods as opposed to quantitative research methods?
2. How can the biases of the researcher affect the results of a qualitative research study?
3. What are the potential limitations of using qualitative research methods in a study involving multiple diverse groups?
4. How can a researcher ensure the reliability and validity of their findings when using qualitative research methods?
5. What ethical considerations should be taken into account when conducting qualitative research on vulnerable populations?

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