What is the number of people affected by Lyme disease each year?


Assignment for Bio 1112
You are to research one of the diseases on the list
provided and write a report on that disease. This can be written as a paper,
PowerPoint, etc. All of the categories listed below must be included. In
writing your paper/PowerPoint, use the topic and Roman numeral to separate the
topics. Your document will be run through Turnitin.com to check for plagiarism.
I. Definition
Include number of people affected every year, if known
II. Tissue(s) specifically affected
What is the particular tissue type, organ, cell, etc., affected?
III. Symptoms
IV. Causes: genetics, virus/bacteria/fungi,
medications, injury/trauma, etc.
What is the vector?
Are there multiple hosts?
C. How
is it transmitted?
V. Risk factors: age, sex, race, ethnicity,
predisposition, etc.
VI. Complications
VII. Tests and diagnosis
VIII. Treatment and drugs
Type of treatment
Drugs used to treat the disease
Survivor change: What are the chances of surviving the disease?
IX. Prevention
Can it be prevented? If so, how?
What strategies are in place to prevent spreading?
What is the likely hood of contracting the disease in the United States?
X. References
1. Dengue fever
2. Yellow fever
3. Zika virus
4. Lyme disease
5. West Nile virus
6. Ebola virus
7. Trichinellosis
8. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
9. Trichomoniasis
10. Neurocysticercosis

Among numerous diseases that exist worldwide, we have compiled a list of ten diseases for the Bio 1112 assignment. Students are expected to research one of the diseases and write a report on it. The report can be in the form of a paper, PowerPoint, or any other presentation tool desired, but it must contain specific categories. The different categories outlined below are essential and must be covered while researching the disease. Specifically, it is necessary to include the definition and number of patients affected, the tissue(s) specifically affected, the symptoms, causes, risk factors, complications, tests and diagnosis, treatment and drugs, and prevention techniques.

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This assignment aims to provide students with an opportunity to explore and develop their knowledge of a specific disease. The provided list of ten diseases includes viruses, bacteria, fungi, and other pathogens that lead to a range of symptoms and complications. Depending on the chosen disease, the report should cover essential topics like the definition, the number of people affected yearly, specific tissues, or cell types that are affected and the symptoms that follow. Understanding the disease’s causes is also crucial to provide proper diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, the vector, multiple hosts, and transmission process must be considered. Different risk factors may contribute to an individual’s likelihood of contracting any of the diseases. Thus, age, sex, race, ethnicity, or predisposition to the disease are some of the information necessary for effective prevention. Equally important, outlining the possible complications and tests required for diagnosis and treatment will provide a better understanding of the disease. Additionally, students must include information on how the disease can be prevented. Preventative strategies and likelihoods of contracting the disease in the United States are crucial to explore. Finally, presenting credible references at the end of the report is also essential.

– To research and write a detailed report on a chosen disease from the provided list.
– To demonstrate an understanding of the disease, including its definition, symptoms, causes, risk factors, complications, tests and diagnosis, treatment and drugs, and prevention strategies.
– To use proper referencing and citation methods when presenting information.

Learning Outcomes:
By the end of the assignment, students will be able to:
– Explain the definition, prevalence, and tissue(s) affected by the chosen disease.
– Outline the various symptoms and complications associated with the disease.
– Understand the different causes of the disease and how it is transmitted.
– Identify the risk factors associated with the disease, including age, sex, race, and ethnicity.
– Evaluate the available tests and diagnosis methods for the disease, as well as its treatments and drugs.
– Explain the likelihood of contracting the disease in the United States and the existing prevention strategies in place.
– Demonstrate proper referencing and citation methods when presenting information.

Note: The above objectives and learning outcomes relate to the provided content by specifying the skills and knowledge that students are expected to develop through the research and report writing assignment on a chosen disease. These objectives and learning outcomes will help students to understand the chosen disease in-depth and to present information in a clear and concise manner while also demonstrating proper referencing techniques.

Solution 1:

Disease: Lyme Disease

I. Definition
1. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii.
2. Approximately, 30,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with Lyme disease every year.

II. Tissue specifically affected
1. Lyme disease affects multiple tissues, including the skin, joints, heart, and nervous system.

III. Symptoms
1. The initial symptoms of Lyme disease are fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans.
2. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include joint pain, neurological problems, and heart palpitations.

IV. Causes
1. The bacteria that cause Lyme disease are typically transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks.
2. Deer ticks and black-legged ticks are the primary vectors for Lyme disease.
3. There is no evidence to suggest that Lyme disease is spread from person-to-person.

V. Risk factors
1. People who spend time in wooded or grassy areas are at greater risk of being bitten by an infected tick.
2. Young children and older adults may also be at higher risk for infection due to weakened immune systems.

VI. Complications
1. If left untreated, Lyme disease can lead to serious health complications like arthritis, heart palpitations, and neurological problems.

VII. Tests and Diagnosis
1. A blood test can be used to identify antibodies to the bacteria that cause Lyme disease.
2. Healthcare providers may also order imaging tests to look for signs of damage to the heart, brain, or joints.

VIII. Treatment and Drugs
1. Lyme disease can be effectively treated with antibiotics.
2. Most people who are treated for Lyme disease recover completely.
3. Chances of surviving Lyme disease are high if diagnosed and treated promptly.

IX. Prevention
1. Lyme disease can be prevented by avoiding tick-infested areas, wearing protective clothing, and using insect repellent.
2. Check for ticks after spending time outdoors and remove them promptly.
3. Public health campaigns can be used to educate the public about the risks of Lyme disease.

X. References
References can be cited in a standardized format such as APA, MLA, or Chicago style.

Solution 2:

Disease: West Nile Virus

I. Definition
1. West Nile Virus (WNV) is a viral infection that is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito.
2. The disease is typically asymptomatic, but in severe cases, it can cause serious neurological symptoms.

II. Tissue specifically affected
1. West Nile Virus affects the nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord.

III. Symptoms
1. Most people infected with WNV show no symptoms, but some may develop a fever, headache, and body aches.
2. In severe cases, people may experience encephalitis, meningitis, or paralysis.

IV. Causes
1. WNV is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito.
2. Mosquitoes become infected with WNV by feeding on infected birds.

V. Risk factors
1. People over the age of 60 are at the highest risk for severe symptoms of WNV.
2. People who work outside or spend a lot of time outdoors are also at higher risk for infection.

VI. Complications
1. People who develop severe symptoms of WNV, such as meningitis or encephalitis, may require hospitalization and could experience long-term neurological complications.

VII. Tests and Diagnosis
1. Blood and cerebrospinal fluid tests can be used to diagnose WNV infection.
2. Brain imaging may also be used to identify neurological complications associated with the disease.

VIII. Treatment and Drugs
1. There is no specific treatment for WNV infection.
2. Treatment is focused on relieving symptoms and preventing complications.

IX. Prevention
1. WNV can be prevented by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants, and staying indoors during peak mosquito hours.
2. Public health campaigns can be used to help control mosquito populations and educate people about the risks of WNV.

X. References
References can be cited in a standardized format such as APA, MLA, or Chicago style.

Suggested Resources/Books:

1. “Emerging Viruses” by Stephen S. Morse
2. “Infectious Diseases: A Clinical Short Course” by Frederick S. Southwick
3. “Medical Microbiology” by Patrick R. Murray, Ken S. Rosenthal, and Michael A. Pfaller
4. “Control of Communicable Diseases Manual” by David L. Heymann

Similar Asked Questions:

1. What is the prevalence of dengue fever in the world?
2. How does the Zika virus affect pregnant women and their babies?
3. What are the risk factors for contracting Lyme disease?
4. Can yellow fever be transmitted from person to person?
5. Is there a vaccine for West Nile virus?

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