What is the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program?

  

1. Given the original text, summarize the source in four paragraphs or less.
Overview of the New York State
Brownfields Cleanup Program
June 2008
Thomas P. DiNapoli
New York State Comptroller
Overview of BCP Accomplishments
The number of sites admitted to the Program, the number of sites remediated, the
geographic distribution of sites/cleanups around New York and within Enzones are
important indicators of BCP success.3
At present, 394 sites have applied to the Program and 260 have been admitted of
which 44 have been cleaned up and received a letter of completion from DEC. After
being accepted into the Program, 60 sites were either withdrawn from the Program by
a project sponsor, or removed from the Program by DEC.
Since its inception in 1994, the Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP), which preceded
the BCP, cleaned up 153 sites, or roughly 11 per year.4 Under the BCP, 44 sites have
received a letter of completion, or approximately 11 sites per year. Based on this
measure of sites addressed, the BCP is comparable to the VCP it replaced.
The VCP did not provide financial incentives to participants and was open to any site
with known or suspected contamination. As discussed above, the BCP has eligibility
criteria that restrict entry of minimally contaminated sites into the Program.
In addition, the distribution of sites around the State and the number of sites in
specially designated Enzones are important indicators of whether the Program is
encouraging redevelopment in all regions of the State and whether the Program is
meeting the goal of encouraging redevelopment in economically distressed areas.
Of the 200 sites that DEC lists as currently enrolled in the Program, 77, or 38.5
percent, are located in Enzones.
From a regional perspective, 32 of New York States 62 counties have sites enrolled in
the Program. The sites are almost evenly split between upstate and downstate
counties with 93 located downstate and 107 located upstate.5 The Program has
received applications from sites located in more than more than 90 percent of New
York State counties.
3
Enzones are census tracts that meet poverty criteria established in Chapter 1 of the Laws of 2003. In order to be
designated as an Enzone, the census tract must have a poverty rate of 20 percent and an unemployment rate of at
least 1.25 times the statewide unemployment rate or a poverty rate of at least double the rate for the county in
which the tract is located. Census tracts qualifying as Enzones can be found on the Empire State Development
Corporation website – .
4
The VCP was not authorized in statute, or regulation. The DEC ran the VCP under administrative guidance.
Participants in the Program remediated sites to a level consistent with intended use under the oversight of the DEC.
On completion of the cleanup, participants received a waiver of liability from the DEC, which was not binding on
other agencies or the New York State Attorney General. When the BCP was created the DEC stopped accepting
applications for the VCP Program. The VCP was initiated in 1994. When the BCP was established in 2003, the
DEC stopped accepting applications to the VCP. A total of 757 sites were admitted to the VCP.
5
Downstate counties are considered to be Rockland, Westchester, New York City Boroughs, Nassau and Suffolk.
3
Regional Distribution of Sites
in the Brownfields Cleanup Program
Region
Number of Sites
Long Island
New York City
Hudson Valley
Capital District
North Country
Central New York
Finger Lakes
Southern Tier
Western New York
12
52
46
6
3
11
3
14
53
Based on its performance over the last four years, the BCP has achieved a number of
measures of success, including:
Attracting a significant number of sites from economically distressed
communities,
Achieving rough parity in numbers of sites from upstate and downstate, and
Drawing applications from all regions of the State.
While the Program is attracting interest and supporting the redevelopment of
brownfields, it is currently on track to address roughly the same number of sites as the
VCP it replaced. This finding is noteworthy in that the BCP offers generous financial
incentives and the VCP offered no financial incentives. However, the BCP excludes
sites that would have very likely been admitted into the VCP.
4

Introduction: The New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program (BCP) was established in 2003 to encourage the redevelopment of contaminated sites across the state. In this report from June 2008, Thomas P. DiNapoli, the New York State Comptroller, provides an overview of the BCP’s achievements, including the number of sites admitted to the program, the geographic distribution of cleanups, and the success of the program in promoting redevelopment in economically distressed areas.

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Description: The report highlights the BCP’s accomplishments in addressing contaminated sites across New York State. According to the report, 394 sites have applied to the program, of which 260 have been admitted and 44 have been successfully remediated, resulting in a letter of completion from the Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC). While the BCP has eligibility criteria that restrict entry of minimally contaminated sites into the program, the report indicates that the BCP is comparable to the prior Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP) in terms of the number of sites addressed per year.

The report also examines the distribution of sites around the state and the number of sites located in specially designated Enzones – census tracts that meet poverty criteria established in Chapter 1 of the Laws of 2003. Of the 200 sites currently enrolled in the program, 38.5% are located in Enzones, indicating that the BCP is meeting its goal of encouraging redevelopment in economically distressed areas. The sites are almost evenly split between upstate and downstate counties, with applications received from sites located in over 90% of New York State counties.

Overall, the BCP has made significant progress in encouraging the remediation and redevelopment of contaminated sites across New York State. Through the success of the program in addressing contaminated sites and promoting redevelopment in economically distressed areas, the BCP is playing a vital role in protecting public health, creating jobs, and stimulating economic growth in New York State.

Headings:
1. Introduction
2. Overview of BCP Accomplishments
3. Geographic Distribution of Cleanups
4. BCP’s Role in Encouraging Redevelopment and Economic Growth

Objectives:

To provide an overview of the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program (BCP) and its accomplishments, including the number of sites admitted to the program, the number of sites remediated, and the geographic distribution of sites/cleanups around New York and within Enzones.

Learning outcomes:

1. Learners will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the BCP and its goals.
2. Learners will be able to describe the accomplishments of the program, including the number of sites admitted and remediated, and the geographic distribution of sites/cleanups.
3. Learners will be able to compare the BCP to its predecessor, the Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP), and identify the differences between the two programs.
4. Learners will be able to assess the success of the BCP in encouraging redevelopment in economically distressed areas and promoting redevelopment in all regions of the State.

Heading 1: Overview of the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program

Objective:

To provide an overview of the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program (BCP) and its goals.

Learning outcome:

1. Learners will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the BCP and its goals.

Heading 2: BCP Accomplishments

Objective:

To describe the accomplishments of the BCP, including the number of sites admitted, remediated, and the geographic distribution of sites/cleanups.

Learning outcomes:

1. Learners will be able to describe the number of sites that have applied to the BCP and the number of sites that have been admitted.
2. Learners will be able to identify the number of sites that have been remediated and received a letter of completion from the DEC.
3. Learners will be able to compare the number of sites addressed under the BCP to the number of sites addressed under its predecessor, the VCP.
4. Learners will be able to assess the success of the BCP in meeting its goals based on the geographic distribution of sites and cleanups.

Heading 3: Geographic Distribution of Sites/Cleanups

Objective:

To assess the success of the BCP in encouraging redevelopment in economically distressed areas and promoting redevelopment in all regions of the State.

Learning outcomes:

1. Learners will be able to identify the number of sites located in Enzones, which are economically distressed areas.
2. Learners will be able to compare the number of sites enrolled in the BCP in upstate and downstate counties.
3. Learners will be able to describe the geographic distribution of sites enrolled in the BCP and its impact on promoting redevelopment across the State.

Solution 1:

Overview of the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program

The New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program (BCP) is a program implemented to address problems associated with contaminated sites and promote the redevelopment of those sites. The BCP has seen a lot of success in cleaning up contaminated sites since its inception in 1994. At present, 394 sites have applied to the program and 260 have been admitted, of which 44 have been cleaned up and received a letter of completion from DEC. Although the number of sites addressed is comparable to the previous Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP), the BCP has eligibility criteria that restrict the entry of minimally contaminated sites into the program.

The distribution of sites around the State and the number of sites in specially designated Enzones are important indicators of whether the program is encouraging redevelopment in all regions of the state and whether the program is meeting the goal of encouraging redevelopment in economically distressed areas. From a regional perspective, 32 of New York States 62 counties have sites enrolled in the program. The sites are almost evenly split between upstate and downstate counties with 93 located downstate and 107 located upstate. The program has received applications from sites located in more than 90 percent of New York State counties, and 38.5 percent of the sites currently enrolled in the program are located in Enzones.

Solution 2:

Overview of the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program

The New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program (BCP) is an innovative program that is responsible for the cleanup of contaminated sites, which promotes the redevelopment of those sites. The program has had notable success in cleaning up contaminated sites since its inception in 1994. So far, 394 sites have applied to the program and 260 have been admitted, of which 44 have been cleaned up and received a letter of completion from DEC. To qualify for the program, sites must meet certain eligibility criteria that restrict minimally contaminated sites from entering the program.

Regional distribution of sites and their geographical location also plays a crucial role in determining the success of the program. Out of the 200 sites currently enrolled in the program, 38.5 percent of them are located in Enzones. Enzones are census tracts that meet specified poverty criteria, and are intended to facilitate redevelopment in economically distressed areas. Furthermore, 32 of New York States 62 counties have sites enrolled in the program, with almost half located in upstate counties.

The program has an impressive statewide reach, and it has received applications for sites located in more than 90 percent of New York State counties. This has helped the program encourage economic growth, increase development and promote environmental sustainability.

Suggested Resources/Books:
1. Brownfields Redevelopment Handbook by Todd S. Davis and Kenneth S. Barnes
2. The Brownfields Handbook: Cleanup and Redevelopment of Contaminated Properties by Frank B. Friedman
3. New York Brownfields Practice by Michael B. Gerrard
4. The Law of Environmental Justice: Theories and Procedures to Address Disproportionate Risks by Sheila Foster
5. Clean-up of Petroleum Contaminated Sites by Russell J Silar

Similar Asked Questions:
1. What is the success rate of the New York State Brownfields Cleanup Program?
2. How many sites have been remediated under the Brownfields Cleanup Program?
3. What is the difference between the Voluntary Cleanup Program and Brownfields Cleanup Program?
4. How are Enzones designated under the Brownfields Cleanup Program?
5. What is the geographic distribution of sites under the Brownfields Cleanup Program?

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