What is the Attraction-Selection-Attrition framework and how does it relate to organizational culture?


Attracting and Staffing
Assignment Overview
Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) Framework
Like human beings, organizationshave a unique personality. The Attraction-Selection-Attrition frameworkexplains
that potential employeeswill be attracted to organizations whose
cultures match their own personality. Ultimately, there needs to be a
reciprocal match between the employee and the organization. As a
practical example, Southwest Airlinesbecame the airline industrys most
successful firm by hiring peoplewith positive attitudes and well-honed
interpersonal skills, including a sense of humor. At Timberland, senior
applicants go through a day of community service with executives.
People who do not fit with the organization will be unhappy which will
lead to attrition. As a result, it is better to filter out the misfits
before they are hired.
Drawing on the material in the background readings and doing
additional research, please prepare a 3-4 page paper (not including the
cover and reference pages) in which you:
Research the culture of an organization that you are familiar with.
Next, what kind of employee would prefer to work at that organization
and why? How does the organization attract new employees?As an HR Staffing Specialist, how would you apply the ASA Framework to your organization?
Assignment Expectations
Your paper will be evaluated on the following points:
Precision – Does the paper address the question(s) or task(s)?Clarity – Is the writing clear and the concepts articulated
properly? Are paraphrasing and synthesis of concepts the primary means
of response to the questions, or are excessive use of quotations how
thoughts are conveyed? Are headings includedin all papers greater than
2 pages?Breadth – Is the full breadth of the subject addressed?Depth – Does the paper address the topic in sufficient depth?Grammar, spelling and vocabulary – Is the paper written well – is
the grammar, spelling, and vocabulary suitable to graduate level work?Referencing (citations and references) – Does the paper use citations and quotation marks when appropriate?Critical thinking – Is the subject thought about critically, i.e., accurately, logically, relevantly, and precisely?
Attracting and Staffing
Required Reading
De Cooman, Rein; Gieter, Sara De; Pepermans, Roland; Hermans,
Sabrina; Bois, Cindy Du; Caers, Ralf; Jegers, Marc. (2009).
Personorganization fit: Testing socialization and
attractionselectionattrition hypotheses. Journal of Vocational
Behavior, ISSN 0001-8791, 2009, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp. 102 107.
Schaubroeck, John; Ganster, Daniel C; Jones, James R (1998).
Organization and Occupation Influences in the
Attraction-Selection-Attrition Process. Journal of Applied Psychology,
ISSN 0021-9010, 12/1998, Volume 83, Issue 6, pp. 869 891.
Ployhart, Robert E; Weekley, Jeff A; Baughman, Kathryn. (2006). The
Structure and Function of Human Capital Emergence: A Multilevel
Examination of the Attraction-Selection-Attrition Model. The Academy of
Management Journal, ISSN 0001-4273, 08/2006, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp. 661
Lonnie Golden; Julia R Henly; Susan Lambert. (2013). Work Schedule
Flexibility: A Contributor to Happiness? Journal of Social Research
& Policy, ISSN 2067-2640, 12/2013, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp. 10-41.

Organizations have unique personalities, which are determined by their culture. The Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) framework explains that potential employees will always be attracted to organizations whose cultures match their own personality. Therefore, candidates must be selected based on their fit with the organization. In this assignment, we will apply the ASA framework to understand how organizations attract and retain their employees.

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This assignment is divided into three parts. First, we will research the culture of an organization that we are familiar with and examine the kind of employee that would prefer to work for that organization. In the second part, we will analyze how the organization attracts new employees by applying the ASA framework. Finally, as an HR specialist, we will evaluate how the same framework can be applied to our own organization to hire the appropriate employees, retain them and manage organizational culture. Successful implementation of the framework will result in mutual gains for the employees and the organization. The paper is expected to be 3-4 pages long, not including the cover and reference pages, and meet all the assignment expectations aforementioned.

– To research the culture of an organization and identify the type of employee that would prefer to work at the organization and explain why.
– To investigate how the organization attracts new employees.
– To apply the ASA Framework to the organization as an HR Staffing Specialist.

Learning Outcomes:
– Understand the concept of the Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) Framework.
– Identify the organizational culture of a familiar organization and describe the type of employee who prefers to work for the organization.
– Explain how the organization attracts new employees.
– Apply the ASA Framework to the organization as an HR Staffing Specialist.
– Analyze the relationship between organizational culture, employee preferences, and the ASA Framework.
– Reflect on the potential impact of the ASA Framework on employee retention and job satisfaction.

– Introduction
– The Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA) Framework
– Researching the Culture of an Organization
– Attracting New Employees
– Applying the ASA Framework
– Implications of the ASA Framework
– Reflection
– Conclusion

Solution 1:

Culture of Mozilla Foundation

Mozilla Foundation is a non-profit organization that believes in the power of the open Internet and its accessibility to everyone. The culture of the Mozilla Foundation is built around empowering people and strengthening online privacy. Mozilla is a global community, deeply committed to transparency, openness, and collaboration.

Employees that prefer to work at Mozilla:

Mozilla Foundation culture is built around people who believe in openness, collaboration, and innovation. Those who believe in creating a better web for everyone and promoting online privacy are drawn to Mozilla Foundation. Mozilla attracts people who love to experiment, think out of the box, and solve complex problems.

Attracting new employees:

Mozilla Foundation attracts new employees through multiple channels. They have a career portal on their website where they showcase job opportunities. Mozilla also participates actively in job fairs and recruiting events. In addition, Mozilla Foundation leverages digital channels and social media to share their job openings and attract potential candidates. Mozilla’s recruitment strategy focuses on reaching out to candidates who are passionate about the internet, online privacy, and openness in the digital world.

Applying the ASA Framework to Mozilla Foundation:

Mozilla Foundation can leverage the ASA Framework to recruit candidates who fit their culture and values. The organization can use pre-selection screening using online tools, such as personality tests or screening for core values. Additionally, Mozilla can use behavioral interviewing to identify candidates who align with the organization’s goals, mission, and values.

Solution 2:

Culture of Apple Inc.

Apple is a worldwide technology company with a diverse workforce that values creativity, innovation, and technology. Apple is known for its innovative products, and the company’s culture focuses on developing groundbreaking technologies that change the world. Apple is committed to creating and providing products that are intuitive, easy to use, and aesthetically pleasing.

Employees that prefer to work at Apple:

Employees who want to work at Apple should be passionate about technology, curious, and innovative. The ideal candidate should be driven, adaptable, and able to think creatively while working in teams. Apple looks for individuals who are invested in creating excellent products and take pride in being a part of Apple’s global success story.

Attracting new employees:

Apple’s recruitment strategy focuses on attracting talent through a variety of means. Apple is well known for using social media channels like LinkedIn and Twitter to share their culture and job openings. They also use job search engines to target potential candidates. Apple’s recruitment effort is geared towards a diverse pool of talent with a focus on hiring a wide range of candidates from different backgrounds and experiences.

Applying the ASA Framework to Apple:

Apple can use the ASA Framework to screen and attract candidates that have the same values as the organization. This could be done through psychometric tests, structured interviewing using behavior-based questions, and pre-employment assessments. Additionally, Apple could promote a work-life balance culture to retain employees and reduce attrition. Apple can implement flexible work schedules and remote work opportunities to ensure employees’ well-being and attract top talent.

Suggested Resources/Books:
– “The Culture Code: The Secrets of Highly Successful Groups” by Daniel Coyle
– “Hiring For Attitude: A Revolutionary Approach to Recruiting and Selecting People with Both Tremendous Skills and Superb Attitude” by Mark Murphy
– “Work Rules!: Insights from Inside Google That Will Transform How You Live and Lead” by Laszlo Bock

Similar Asked Questions:
1. How do organizations attract employees that match their company culture?
2. What is the Attraction-Selection-Attrition Framework and how does it affect employee retention?
3. How can companies filter out misfits during the hiring process?
4. What are some practical examples of companies using the ASA Framework successfully in their staffing processes?
5. How can HR Staffing Specialists apply the ASA Framework to attract and retain employees in their organization?

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