What is teacher-based instruction and what are its advantages and disadvantages?


Education question
I need a 250-300 word response with 2-3 references.
Teacher based instruction, if planned in an effective way, can help a teacher to create dynamic and creative
lesson plans, even while shaping them to satisfy the specific standards required, which is a really wonderful
advantage to this type of instruction. However, a large disadvantage of this type of instruction is that the
sole focus is on the teacher, the instructor chooses the topics, and the teacher evaluates student success and
learning, leaving little room for the actual student to have his or her own voice.
When looking at learner-centered instructional strategies, teachers are able to put more emphasis on student
involvement, initiative, and social interaction (Jacobsen, Eggen, & Kauchak (2009). As a student, I always
thrived more in the classroom when it did not feel like a cut and dry lecture, where the teachers speak, and
the students are quiet. It left little to the self, and I found myself not grasping as much of the material
because it wasn’t as easy for my neurons to fire back to a memory of learning, without something else to
connect it to, like interaction and relatable material. Learner-centered instruction helps students to not only
learn in a different, arguably more entertaining way, but it also helps them to be able to communicate and
listen more effectively. A disadvantage could be seen when not looking at the students as a whole, but as
individuals. What is certain students learn better by themselves? This is why integrated teaching styles of
both instructions should be balanced, in my opinion.
Eggen, P., Jacobsen, D., & Kauchak, D. (2009). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning k-12
Classrooms (8th ed.). Retrieved from the University of Phoenix EBook collection


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The teaching methodology in classroom instruction has taken a turn towards teacher-based instruction from traditional student-centered instruction. The instructor designs the lesson plan, evaluates the students based on the outcome, and dominates the classroom activities. Nevertheless, with effective planning, the teacher-based instruction can result in creating dynamic and captivating lesson plans that are closely aligned with prescribed standards. It does come with a downside of providing minimal space for the student’s own voice and creativity. In contrast, learner-centered instructional strategies create more room for student involvement, initiative, and social interaction. It has shown to engage the students more and improves communication and grasping of the subject matter.


The study primarily focuses on the benefits and limitations of teacher-based and learner-centered instructional strategies. It analyses the effect of the two teaching approaches on students’ comprehension and performance in the K-12 classroom setting. The article notes that while the teacher-based method is acknowledged for its structured teaching and stringent standard compliance, it has also restrained the students’ creativity and self-expression. The learner-centered teaching approach focuses on engaging students in the learning process actively. It emphasizes the students’ needs, interests, and abilities, enhancing their motivation to learn.

The study suggests a balanced approach to instruction methodologies combining the best of both worlds- student-centered and teacher-based instruction. The integration of the two methods allows maximising the student’s learning outcomes while still adhering to the curriculum guidelines. It is beneficial in ensuring all students’ individual needs and preferences are met, including those who prefer to learn alone or show individualised learning patterns. The article provides powerful insights into the two teaching approaches that can enable educators to establish the most beneficial approaches to delivering instructional content in K-12 settings and beyond.


Eggen, P., Jacobsen, D., & Kauchak, D. (2009). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning k-12 Classrooms (8th ed.). Retrieved from the University of Phoenix EBook collection.

Jacobsen, R., Eggen, P., & Kauchak, D. (2009). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning K-12 classrooms (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill.


1. To understand the advantages and disadvantages of teacher-based and learner-centered instructional strategies.
2. To identify the ways in which learner-centered instruction can lead to more effective communication and learning.

Learning Outcomes:

1. Evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of teacher-based and learner-centered instructional strategies
2. Analyze the ways in which learner-centered instructional strategies differ from teacher-based strategies
3. Develop an understanding of the role of social interaction in facilitating learning
4. Ability to identify the differences between a cut and dry lecture and interactive teaching methods
5. Develop the ability to communicate and listen effectively while in the classroom

Teacher-based instruction has its advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it can help a teacher create dynamic and creative lesson plans while also preparing students to meet specific standards required by the curriculum. On the other hand, the sole focus on the teacher leaves little room for the student to have their own voice. This model emphasizes topics chosen by the teacher, and the success and progress of the student are evaluated by the teacher themselves.

Learner-centered instructional strategies, on the other hand, encourage more student involvement, initiative, and interaction. This method facilitates learning through communication and social interaction. According to Eggen, Jacobsen, & Kauchak (2009), these strategies help students learn in an interactive and relatable way, leading to better memory retention. However, there is a disadvantage seen when individual student needs are considered. Some students learn better by themselves and may not thrive in this model.

Therefore, it is recommended to balance teacher-based instruction and learner-centered strategies to ensure the effective learning of all individuals. By doing so, educators can create dynamic lesson plans that help students learn in a way that works best for them, while developing their skills in communication, listening, problem-solving, and teamwork.


Eggen, P., Jacobsen, D., & Kauchak, D. (2009). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning k-12 Classrooms (8th ed.). Retrieved from the University of Phoenix EBook collection.

Jacobsen, D., Eggen, P., & Kauchak, D. (2009). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning K-12 Classrooms. Pearson.

Solution 1: Integrated Teaching Strategies

One possible solution to the challenges posed by teacher-centered and student-centered instructional strategies is to integrate both approaches into a balanced teaching style. This would involve a focus on student involvement, initiative, and social interaction, while still allowing for teacher-based instruction that is planned in an effective way to satisfy required standards. This approach would provide the benefit of creating dynamic and creative lesson plans that engage students, while also giving them the space to express their own voice in the learning process.

The integrated teaching style would also address the disadvantage of student-centered instruction that emphasizes individual learning styles, by allowing for a balance between individualized and group learning activities. This would require teachers to take into consideration the needs and strengths of each student, while still working towards shared learning goals. By integrating teacher-based and student-centered approaches, educators would be able to develop a more holistic approach to teaching that puts students at the center of the learning process, while still ensuring that they are meeting the necessary benchmarks.

Solution 2: Blended Learning

Another possible solution to the challenges posed by teacher-centered and student-centered instructional strategies is to incorporate blended learning into the classroom. Blended learning is an approach that combines traditional face-to-face classroom instruction with online learning activities. This approach provides the benefit of allowing for both teacher-based and student-centered instruction, while also providing a more flexible learning environment that can be adapted to meet the needs and strengths of individual students.

In a blended learning environment, teachers are able to create dynamic and engaging lesson plans that incorporate a variety of instructional strategies, including group work, peer-to-peer interaction, and individualized projects. Students are then able to access these materials online at their own pace, while also receiving in-person instruction and support from their teacher. This approach helps to address the limitations of teacher-centered instruction by providing students with more opportunities for interaction and self-directed learning.

Blended learning also provides a way to accommodate different learning styles and preferences, as students are able to access materials in a variety of formats, including videos, interactive quizzes, and games. Additionally, the use of technology in the classroom helps to keep students engaged and motivated, while also providing opportunities for collaboration and communication with peers.


Eggen, P., Jacobsen, D., & Kauchak, D. (2009). Methods for Teaching: Promoting Student Learning k-12 Classrooms (8th ed.). Retrieved from the University of Phoenix EBook collection.

Graves, K., Lim, B., & August, G. (2020). A critical review of blended learning: A framework for implementation. Educational Research Review, 30, 100326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2020.100326

Sohn, S. (2019). Blended learning models and technologies for teaching and learning. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 22(2), 1-13.

Suggested Resources/Books:

1. “Teaching with the Brain in Mind” by Eric Jensen – This book provides a practical approach for teachers about how brain research can be used to improve student learning. It also focuses on the importance of creating learner-centered environments.

2. “The Differentiated Classroom: Responding to the Needs of All Learners” by Carol Ann Tomlinson – This book provides an insight into how teachers can differentiate instruction to meet the diverse needs of their students.

3. “Learner-Centered Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice” by Maryellen Weimer – The author provides practical strategies for teachers to shift their instruction towards a learner-centered approach.

Similar Asked Questions:

1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of teacher-centered instruction?

2. How can learner-centered instruction benefit students?

3. What are the potential drawbacks of a solely learner-centered approach to instruction?

4. How can teachers balance teacher-centered and learner-centered approaches?

5. What strategies can teachers use to increase student engagement and involvement in the classroom?

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