What is an Ad Hominem Argument and how does it affect ethical discussion?

  

Instructions
Number your paper
from 1-4 and answer each question.
Write a brief 1-2 sentence
introduction defining the Ad
Hominem Argument.
In your own words,explain the meaning of afallaciousad hominem argument and give an original
example.
In your own
words, explain the meaning of alegitimatead hominem argument
and give an original example.
Questions 2 and
3 should be answered thoroughly, with a minimum of 1complete paragraph for
each question (3-5 sentences).
In
your own words, explain how
understanding the distinction between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a
legitimate ad hominem argument is important to ethical discussion.
Question 4
should be more in-depth and descriptive.
Use a minimum of two paragraphs (3-5
sentences each).
Use a concluding sentence that summarizes
your points about the distinction.
Use 2 pieces of information from the assigned
material to support your reasoning.
Note:
This information must be cited and referenced according to APA guidelines. If
you summarize an idea that is not your own, it must be cited properly. If you
quote directly from other material, it must be placed in quotation marks and
cited properly. Use quotationsonlyif the
quotation is short and the idea cannot be expressed in any other
way.

1. Introduction:
An Ad Hominem Argument is a type of argument that attacks the character or personal traits of the opposing person instead of addressing the actual argument. In ethical discussions, it is crucial to understand the difference between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate one to maintain the integrity of the discussion.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
What is an Ad Hominem Argument and how does it affect ethical discussion?
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

2. Description of a Fallacious Ad Hominem Argument:
A fallacious ad hominem argument is one where the attacker attacks the opposing person’s personal attributes or character instead of addressing the actual argument. The fallacious argument is based on irrelevant issues that have no bearing on the actual argument. For example, if someone argues that smoking is hazardous to health, and the opposing person attacks the character of the proponent by stating that he himself is a smoker and hence not credible, this would be a fallacious ad hominem argument.

3. Description of a Legitimate Ad Hominem Argument:
A legitimate ad hominem argument is one where the attacker questions the credibility of the opposing person’s argument based on their personal attributes relevant to the argument. For example, if someone argues that women are not fit for combat roles in the military, and the opposing person brings up the fact that this same person was dishonorably discharged from the military, this would be a legitimate ad hominem argument.

4. Importance of Understanding the Distinction:
Understanding the difference between a fallacious and legitimate ad hominem argument is significant in ethical discussions. A fallacious ad hominem argument disrupts the discussion and detracts from the actual argument. It is a tactic used to silence opposing views by attacking the character or personal traits of the opposing person. On the other hand, a legitimate ad hominem argument questions the credibility of the argument based on relevant personal attributes, which can help to strengthen and focus the debate. As Eemeren and Grootendorst (2004) state, “the way in which the debate is conducted can have ethical implications and consequences” (p. 34). Therefore, understanding the distinction between a fallacious and a legitimate ad hominem argument can help to maintain the integrity of ethical discussions and foster productive debates.

In conclusion, recognizing the difference between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate one is crucial in maintaining the integrity of ethical discussions. A fallacious argument deflects from the actual issues being discussed, while a legitimate argument can help to strengthen the debate. It is essential to use critical thinking skills and relevant personal attributes when questioning the credibility of arguments in any ethical discussion.

Introduction:
An ad hominem argument is a type of argument that attacks the person making an argument instead of addressing the argument itself. This can be done in a legitimate way or fallacious way, depending on how the argument is presented.

1. Objectives:
To understand the difference between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate ad hominem argument.
To recognize the impact of ad hominem arguments in ethical discussions.

2. Learning Outcome:
A fallacious ad hominem argument is an argument that attacks the person making the argument rather than addressing the argument itself. An example of this would be if someone stated, “You can’t trust what he says about climate change because he’s not a scientist.” This argument is fallacious because it does not address the actual argument being made, it is simply attacking the person making the argument.

3. Learning Outcome:
A legitimate ad hominem argument is an argument that addresses a person’s character or credibility when it is relevant to the argument being made. An example of this would be if someone stated, “You can’t trust what he says about climate change because he’s been caught lying about his credentials in the past.” This argument is legitimate because it addresses the person’s credibility in relation to the argument being made.

4. Learning Outcome:
Understanding the distinction between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate ad hominem argument is important in ethical discussions because it can impact the way people perceive arguments and people presenting them. Fallacious ad hominem arguments can be used to dismiss arguments without actually addressing them, leading to a lack of progress in discussions and debates. On the other hand, legitimate ad hominem arguments can be used to address issues of credibility and character when they are relevant to the argument being made, leading to more effective discussions and solutions.

According to Middleton and Brown (2005), it is important to be aware of fallacious ad hominem arguments in ethical discussions because they can be used to attack a person’s character or credibility without addressing the actual argument being made. Additionally, Van Norden (2019) argues that legitimate ad hominem arguments can be useful in ethical discussions when used appropriately to address issues of credibility and character that are relevant to the argument being made. In conclusion, understanding the distinction between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate ad hominem argument is important in ethical discussions to ensure that arguments are addressed effectively and progress is made towards ethical solutions.

Introduction:

An Ad Hominem Argument is a type of argument that attacks the person making the argument instead of addressing the substance or merit of the argument.

1. Suggested Resources/Books:

– “Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life” by Frank Boardman and D. Trudy Govier.

– “The Fallacy Detective: Thirty-Eight Lessons on How to Recognize Bad Reasoning” by Nathaniel Bluedorn and Hans Bluedorn.

2. Explain the meaning of a fallacious ad hominem argument and give an original example:

A fallacious ad hominem argument is one in which the person making the argument attacks the character or personal traits of the person making the opposing argument instead of addressing the actual argument being made. An example of this is when someone says, “You can’t trust Bob’s opinion on this matter because he’s an alcoholic.” This type of argument is invalid because Bob’s drinking habits have nothing to do with the validity of his argument.

3. Explain the meaning of a legitimate ad hominem argument and give an original example:

A legitimate ad hominem argument is one in which a person’s character or personal traits are relevant to the argument being made. This type of argument is only valid when the person’s character or personal traits directly relate to the argument being made. An example of a legitimate ad hominem argument is when someone says, “You can’t trust Bob’s opinion on this matter because he has a financial interest in the outcome.” In this case, Bob’s financial interest is directly relevant to the argument being made.

4. Explain how understanding the distinction between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate ad hominem argument is important to ethical discussion:

Understanding the distinction between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate ad hominem argument is crucial to ethical discussion because it allows us to evaluate the validity of an argument fairly. As stated by Frank Boardman and D. Trudy Govier in the book “Logic and Contemporary Rhetoric: The Use of Reason in Everyday Life,” “When we expose an argument as ad hominem, we say that the issue has not been properly addressed. It is only by understanding the underlying issues and addressing them that we can make progress in a moral or ethical discussion.” If we fail to recognize the validity of legitimate ad hominem arguments, we risk ignoring important factors that could affect the ethical implications of a decision. On the other hand, if we accept fallacious ad hominem arguments as valid, we risk allowing personal attacks to guide the direction of a discussion instead of focusing on the issues at hand. In short, understanding the distinction between a fallacious ad hominem argument and a legitimate ad hominem argument is vital in ensuring that ethical discussions are fair and productive.

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
× How can I help you?