What is a commonly held belief in psychology that needs to be examined?

  

You have already selected your topic from the list below in Week Three of the course to complete an annotated bibliography. These sources should inform your thinking and assist you in making a conclusion regarding the truth (i.e., scientific validity) of a commonly held belief. You must continue with your selected topic unless you have received permission from your instructor otherwise.Click herefor the various topic options that are available.To begin, gather a minimum of five peer-reviewed, scholarly sources on the topic you selected. Much of this was completed in the Week 3 Annotated Bibliography, but you will likely find gaps in your information as you begin to write and need to locate more material to fully inform your thinking. Visit theAshford Libraryto obtain yourscholarly articles.As you read each article, make notes about what you have read and what it means to you, as well as how it supports your topic, in order to assist you in the process of writing.Click herefor additional information on how to successfully summarize information from an article.After you have read and considered these sources, write a paper in which yousummarizepsychological theory and research that is pertinent to this topic. The paper should appraise the evidence contained within your articles, supporting and/or contradicting the statement you have chosen to examine. Your task is to distinguish whether or not this commonly held belief accurately represents psychological knowledge of the topic and discuss your conclusions.If theory and research in psychology suggest that the statement is false (i.e., it is instead bubba or pop psychology), infer an alternative truth based on the literature.If the theory and research in psychology suggest that the statement is true, point out how the research supports the statement.

Introduction:
The purpose of this assignment is to summarize psychological theory and research on a selected topic and determine the scientific validity of a commonly held belief. To complete this assignment, students will need to gather a minimum of five scholarly sources from the Ashford Library, which will help inform their thinking and conclusions about the topic. This requires critical analysis and evaluation of the evidence contained within the articles, supporting or contradicting the selected statement.

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Description:
In this assignment, students will be required to utilize the sources from the annotated bibliography completed in Week Three of the course in order to fully inform their thinking and conclusions. Students are expected to take notes on each article read and how it supports their topic, in order to facilitate the process of writing and to ensure that their understanding is accurate. After reading and analyzing the sources, the paper will need to appraise the evidence contained within the articles, supporting or contradicting the selected statement.

The goal of the assignment is to distinguish whether or not the commonly held belief accurately represents psychological knowledge of the topic. If the commonly held belief is false, students will need to infer an alternative truth based on the literature. If the commonly held belief is true, the paper will need to explain how the research supports the statement. Overall, this assignment requires students to critically evaluate research in psychology and make conclusions based on scientific evidence.

Objectives:
– To gather and evaluate a minimum of five peer-reviewed, scholarly sources on a selected topic.
– To summarize psychological theory and research pertinent to the selected topic.
– To appraise the evidence contained within the sources, supporting and/or contradicting a commonly held belief.
– To distinguish whether or not the commonly held belief accurately represents psychological knowledge of the topic.
– To infer an alternative truth based on the literature if the commonly held belief is false.
– To point out how the research supports the commonly held belief if it is true.

Learning Outcomes:
By the end of this assignment, students will be able to:
– Identify relevant peer-reviewed, scholarly sources on a selected topic.
– Critically evaluate and summarize psychological theory and research pertaining to the selected topic.
– Appraise the evidence contained within the sources and distinguish whether or not a commonly held belief accurately represents psychological knowledge.
– Infer an alternative truth based on the literature if the commonly held belief is false.
– Recognize how research supports a commonly held belief if it is true.
– Develop their research and analytical skills.
– Enhance their ability to critically evaluate and interpret scientific literature.

Solution 1:

Topic: Does playing violent video games lead to aggressive behavior in children?

Psychological research and theory have been used to examine the relationship between playing violent video games and its effect on aggression in children. Research shows that violent video games can lead to aggressive outcomes in children. According to Anderson and Dill (2000), exposure to violent media (including video games) leads to aggressive behavior in children by increasing aggressive thoughts and feelings. Furthermore, the General Aggression Model (GAM) supports this relationship by illustrating how violent media exposure contributes to an aggressive mindset. Additionally, research by Ferguson and Kilburn (2010) found that there is a direct link between violent video games and aggressive behavior in children.

Conclusion: Based on the evidence, it can be inferred that playing violent video games leads to aggressive behavior in children.

Solution 2:

Topic: Does the use of technology lead to social isolation?

In recent years, there has been a growing concern that the use of technology, such as smartphones and social media, has led to increased social isolation. However, psychological research suggests that this statement is false. According to research conducted by Burke and Kraut (2016), the use of technology does not lead to lower levels of social support or increased social isolation. In fact, individuals who use social media report higher levels of social support compared to those who do not use social media.

Conclusion: Based on the evidence, it can be concluded that the statement that technology use leads to social isolation is not supported by psychological research. Rather, the use of technology, such as social media, can actually increase social support and connection.

Suggested Resources/Books:

1. “Misquoting Truth: A Guide to the Fallacies of Psychological Research” by Elliot Aronson
2. “The Psychology of Superstition” by Gustav Jahoda
3. “The Believing Brain: From Ghosts and Gods to Politics and Conspiracies – How We Construct Beliefs and Reinforce Them as Truths” by Michael Shermer
4. “The Myth of Repressed Memory: False Memories and Allegations of Sexual Abuse” by Elizabeth Loftus
5. “50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology: Shattering Widespread Misconceptions about Human Behavior” by Scott O. Lilienfeld, Steven Jay Lynn, John Ruscio, and Barry L. Beyerstein

Similar asked questions:

1. How does psychological research help to debunk commonly held beliefs?
2. What are the dangers of relying on pop psychology instead of evidence-based psychological research?
3. How do psychological theories and research inform our understanding of superstitions and beliefs in the supernatural?
4. What are the ethical implications of relying on false memories in psychological research and psychotherapy?
5. In what ways can popular misconceptions about human behavior be harmful to individuals and society at large?

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