What court had jurisdiction in a specific real-life criminal case and why was it appropriate?

  

In
preparation for this assignment, please view the Jurisville scenarios
and resulting simulations from Weeks 5 through 7 in Unit 2: Courts.
In
the scenarios and resulting simulations, Tim Smith, senior criminal
lawyer, discusses select cases and asks a paralegal to indicate which
courts would have exclusive jurisdiction of the cases in question. He
also discusses various pretrial procedures and illustrates them with
select cases. Finally, Tim Smith introduces the case of Roland Gary, who
served twenty-three (23) years in prison for a crime that he did not
commit. The case brought to light several key issues, along with the
manner in which they were resolved.
Use the Internet to research three real-life cases from the past five (5) years that fit the following criteria:
Cases that depict the unique processes related to different courtsThe defendant accepted a plea bargain as an alternative to trialThe defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicatedWrite a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:
Discuss
one (1) real-life criminal case, taken from current events, and
identify the court that took jurisdiction. Explain why the court that
took the case was the appropriate one for the particular circumstances.Discuss
the real-life case that you have selected, in which the defendant
accepted a plea bargain as an alternative to trial. Give your opinion on
whether or not justice was served in the case in question. Provide a
rationale for the response.Discuss
the real-life case that you selected, in which, like Roland Gary, the
defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicated. Explore one (1) key
aspect of the case and examine its relation to the case at large.
Describe the resolution to the selected case.Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment.Note:Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
Be
typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with
one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA
or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional
instructions.Include
a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the students
name, the professors name, the course title, and the date. The cover
page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment
page length.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Summarize the current ethical issues faced by criminal justice professionals and future of the criminal justice system.Explain the development of American courts and illustrate the concept of the dual-court system.Distinguish between the various courtroom participants, and describe the stages in a criminal trial.Use technology and information resources to research issues in criminal justice.Write clearly and concisely about criminal justice using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.Grading
for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic /
organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the
following rubric.
Clickhereto view the grading rubric.

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The judiciary system of any country plays an imperative role in the legal process. Determining the appropriate court jurisdiction, navigating pretrial procedures, and ensuring justice for all involved parties are some significant tasks of the court system. Roland Gary’s case is one such example that highlighted the complexities and challenges of the US judicial system. This paper focuses on exploring real-life criminal cases depicting different court processes, alternative forms of trials, and wrongful accusations.

Description:

The Jurisville scenarios in Units 5-7 of Week 2: Courts present select cases and their respective courts to discuss exclusive jurisdiction. The scenarios also illustrate various pretrial procedures related to these cases. Furthermore, it introduced the wrongful conviction of Roland Gary, which lasted for 23 years before his exoneration. This paper builds upon the knowledge covered in these simulations and uses internet research to investigate three modern real-life criminal cases from the past five years meeting specific criteria.

The primary objective of this paper is to analyze the unique processes observed in different courts for these cases and the reasoning behind appropriate court selection. Additionally, it explores instances where defendants accepted plea bargains instead of trial and analyzes whether justice was served in doing so. Finally, it also delves into a case in which the defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicated, highlighting one significant aspect of the case in relation to the outcome. Three quality resources have also been utilized to strengthen this paper’s arguments and findings.

Objectives:

– To identify one real-life criminal case and determine the jurisdiction of the court that took it.
– To analyze a criminal case in which the defendant accepted a plea bargain instead of trial and give an opinion on whether justice was served.
– To discuss a real-life criminal case in which the defendant was wrongly accused and later exonerated by examining at least one key aspect of the case and describing its resolution.
– To use at least three quality resources in researching the cases and write a paper that follows the formatting requirements and APA style conventions.
– To demonstrate knowledge of the ethical issues, development of American courts, dual-court system, courtroom participants, and stages in a criminal trial.

Learning Outcomes:

After completing this assignment, students should be able to:

– Identify the court that has jurisdiction over a criminal case based on its unique processes and circumstances.
– Evaluate whether a defendant received a fair and just outcome through a plea bargain agreement instead of a criminal trial.
– Analyze a real-life criminal case in which the defendant was wrongly accused and later exonerated by examining at least one key aspect of the case and describing its resolution.
– Use at least three quality resources to research criminal cases and write a paper that follows the formatting requirements and APA guidelines.
– Summarize the current ethical issues faced by criminal justice professionals and future of the criminal justice system.
– Explain the history and development of American courts, including the concept of the dual-court system.
– Identify the various courtroom participants and describe the stages in a criminal trial.

Solution 1:

Real-Life Criminal Case and Jurisdiction

In the case of State of California v. Orenthal James Simpson, the court that took jurisdiction was the Superior Court of Los Angeles County. This court was the appropriate one for the particular circumstances as the crime of murder was committed in Los Angeles County, and as per the U.S. Constitution, the state courts have jurisdiction in criminal cases that take place within their respective states.

Plea Bargaining and Justice

In the case of People of the State of New York v. Pedro Hernandez, the defendant accepted a plea bargain as an alternative to trial. Hernandez, who suffers from mental illness, was accused of kidnapping and murdering a young boy, Etan Patz in 1979, and was held in custody for several years until he confessed in 2012. However, the validity of his confession was questionable as it lacked physical evidence. To avoid a lengthy and emotionally taxing trial, Hernandez’s lawyer proposed a plea deal, which was accepted by the prosecution, and Hernandez was sentenced to 25 years in prison. In my opinion, justice was not served in this case as there was no concrete evidence that linked Hernandez to the crime, and his confession was not considered credible by many legal experts.

Wrongful Accusations and Vindication

In the case of People of the State of Illinois v. Jackie Wilson, like Roland Gary, the defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicated. Jackie Wilson was accused of killing two police officers in 1982 and was found guilty in 1989, based on a confession he had made to the police. However, Wilson always maintained that his confession was coerced through police brutality. After serving more than 36 years in prison, Wilson’s conviction was vacated in 2019 after the court reviewed new evidence that proved he was innocent. A key aspect of this case was the use of newly discovered evidence, which was a video of a witness testimony that contradicted the evidence presented by the prosecution.

Solution 2:

Real-Life Criminal Case and Jurisdiction

In the case of United States v. Roger Stone, the court that took jurisdiction was the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. This court was the appropriate one for the particular circumstances as the charges against Stone, which included witness tampering, obstruction of justice, and making false statements, were all related to the ongoing investigation by the Special Counsel into Russian interference in the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election.

Plea Bargaining and Justice

In the case of People of the State of California v. Lonnie Franklin Jr., the defendant accepted a plea bargain as an alternative to trial. Franklin was accused of killing ten women and one man between 1985 and 2007 in South Los Angeles and was dubbed the “Grim Sleeper” by the media. In 2016, Franklin accepted a plea bargain and was sentenced to death for his crimes. In my opinion, justice was served in this case as there was substantial evidence linking Franklin to the crimes, including DNA evidence and firearm evidence.

Wrongful Accusations and Vindication

In the case of People of the State of Illinois v. Mario Casciaro, the defendant was wrongly accused and later vindicated. Casciaro was accused of killing a man, Brian Carrick, who worked for him in his family’s grocery store in 2002. Casciaro was found guilty in 2013 based solely on the testimony of a witness who claimed that Casciaro had ordered him to confront Carrick over a drug debt, which resulted in Carrick’s death. However, in 2015, Casciaro’s conviction was overturned, and he was acquitted in a subsequent retrial in 2018, as the prosecution failed to present any new evidence to prove his guilt. A key aspect of this case was the lack of physical evidence and the questionable credibility of the witness testimony.

Suggested Resources/Books:
1. “Criminal Courts: A Contemporary Perspective” by Craig Hemmens and David C. Brody
2. “American Courts and the Judicial Process” by G. Larry Mays and Laura Woods Fidelie
3. “Wrongful Convictions: True Murder Cases Unbelievable Miscarriages of Justice” by Alan R. Warren

Similar asked questions:
1. Can you discuss a real-life criminal case that demonstrates the unique processes related to different courts?
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages for a defendant accepting a plea bargain as an alternative to trial in a criminal case?
3. Can you explore a wrongful conviction case and discuss how one key aspect contributed to the wrongful conviction?
4. How do courts decide which cases have jurisdiction and why is it important?
5. What are the major ethical issues currently faced by criminal justice professionals in the United States?

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