What are the principles of effective interpersonal communication?

  

This English course
is Interpersonal Communication and this assignment is just an outline of our
essay, and it has to be in this template format as attached. It is just preparing for the final essay. I
have attached the sample template to work with.
Running Head:
OUTLINE PAPER
1
Week 3 Final Paper Outline
JJ
COM200: Interpersonal Communication
Instructor:
July 4, 2016
OUTLINE PAPER
I.
2
Introduction- Thesis Statement
Hello Jack and Jill,
I would first like to take a moment to say congratulations on your recent engagement, and the next
chapter in spending your lives together. Communication is what marriage is built upon and how it
functions. When communicating in a relationship it can determine whether your realitonship will be long
lasting, or whether it will end with heartache. Communication is a skill that no one is perfect at, but
everyone can learn beneficial ways to communicate more effectively which is the key a life-long happy
marriage.
A. Thesis Statement-To keep communication in your relationship, you should know the principles
of effective interpersonal communications, identify the principles of and barriers to effective
interpersonal communications, understand the role of communication in developing and
maintaining ones self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem, know the role of emotional
intelligence, evaluate the appropriate levels of self-disclosure in relationships, and learn strategies
for managing interpersonal conflicts and understanding the gender roles between both. By
learning all these important lessons, you will be able to maintain and continue a healthy
relationship.
OUTLINE PAPER
3
B. Body Paragraph # 1 – Explain the principles of and barriers to effective interpersonal
communications. (You dont have to list the objectives in this order, but be sure you cover
all of them.)
A.
Topic Sentence: Couples should concentrate on five principles when wanting
effective interpersonal communications and practice using them every day. By practicing
these principles, it eliminates barriers in a relationship to keep from causing
communication problems in the long run and keep the relationship happier.
i. Supporting Evidence: Interpersonal communication (IPC) is the most
important thing when it comes to communication. Interpersonal
communication is a unique type of communication that involves two
individuals interacting via face-to-face or mediated channels (Bevan, J.L.
& Sole, K. 2014).
ii. According to Sole & Bevan (2014), Interpersonal communication is a
lifelong study that requires ongoing practice for everyone. (section 2.5,
para. 1).
iii. Understanding interpersonal communication, it states that interpersonal
communication is a social process, and we usually communicate for one of three
primary purposes: (1) to meet personal needs; (2) to learn about ourselves, other
people, and the world; and (3) to build and maintain relationships with others
(Bevan, J.L. & Sole, K. 2014).
iv.
Communication problems in a relationship can cause following behaviors of one
or both parties: (1) silence or refusing to communicate; (2) placating, which
means to soothe or calm someone by being nice or by giving in to demands; and
(3) playing games (Bevan & Sole 2014).
OUTLINE PAPER
4
v. According to author Paul Preston (2005), we are busy with the conscious
content of our communications, the unconscious can be working for or against
us (para. 2).
B.
Explanation
A better explanation would be interpersonal communication involves constant practice.
In order to become an effective communicator, you should focus on listening skills,
people skills, emotional intelligence, appropriate skill selection, and communicating
ethically.
C.
Why does this matter generally? Why does this matter for your couple?
Couples who understand these key principles in interpersonal communications can work
to communicate together on better terms. Which will make for a very happy and long
lasting relationship.
Body Paragraph #2 – Analyze the role of communication in developing and maintaining ones
self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem.
OUTLINE PAPER
5
b. Topic Sentence: By improving your self-image you can improve your
relationship. Developing good self-esteem involves encouraging a positive
attitude toward yourself and towards others around you by appreciating your
worth.
c. Supporting Evidence:
i. There are things that contribute to your self-concept because self-concept
is an internal process, it is learned, maintained, and can change through
interpersonal communication (Bevan, J.L. & Sole, K. 2014).
ii. According to authors Markus, H, & Wurf, E. (1987) a persons behavior is
driven by many other factors other than self-concept, the influence of selfconcept will not always be shown in ones actions, as a consequence it will show
in ones self-esteem and cause mood changes as well as how they interact with
the world around them (p. 300).
iii. Charles Cooley believed that people always see themselves in relation to other
people. Your sense of self, he believed, is formed by imagining how you appear
to other people (Bevan, J.L. & Sole, K. 2014).
OUTLINE PAPER
6
d. Explanation: To better explain, self-concept, self-esteem and how we see
ourselves affects our communication and a strong way. My feeling less confident
we are less likely to communicate to the world around us.
e. Why does this matter generally? Why does this matter for your couple?
This effects the couple strongly because if one person in this relationship has low
self-esteem they become shut off which causes no communication in the
relationship. This can cause problems in the long run and cause fights in the
future. If you want a healthy relationship than you need to be happy with yourself
and to do that you need to learn about all the good and positive qualities, you have
in yourself.
Body Paragraph #3 – Differentiate appropriate levels of self-disclosure and emotional intelligence
in various relationships.
OUTLINE PAPER
7
f. Topic Sentence: Most people are willing to share certain kinds of information
about themselves to others, it could be something personal and something they are
not willing to trust anyone else to know but it depends on how well he or she
knows the other person. By tying self- disclosure together with emotional
intelligence it can play an important role in interpersonal relationships and gives a
direct connection to both you and your partner.
g. Supporting Evidence:
i. According to Bevan & Sole (2014), Good emotional health enables you
to be secure in your feelings, which means that you are less likely to be
thrown off balance by your interactions with other people (section 9.2,
para. 20).
ii. Having emotional ties between a married couple are much more crucial than
other factors affecting marital life, problems in marital life are likely to develop
in partners who have deficits in emotional intelligence (Batool, S. S., & Khalid,
R. 2009 p. 45)
iii. Social Network sites such as Facebook are great places for people to socialize
and creates an environment that encourages people to disclose personal
information early in their relationship development, they can disguise their
identities and escape the social norms that would govern their behaviors in face
to-face settings (Yu, J., Hu, P. J., & Cheng, T. 2015 p. 240).
iv. As you disclose more, you may become aware of previously untapped issues or
feelings. You must trust the other person not to take advantage of the
information you share (Bevan & Sole, 2014, p. 7.4).
OUTLINE PAPER
8
g. Explanation:
The way you interact with others can be affected by the level of your emotional
intelligence. The more you can communicate and manage your emotions and
feelings, the better you can respond to others feelings, and the more emotionally
healthy you are, by getting in touch with your emotional intelligence you are able to
become more empathic towards those around you. Relationships cannot exist without
self-disclosure. Once individuals have become comfortable and decided that they
want to start a relationship, disclosure continues over time to more personal topics.
When self-disclosure is mutual in a relationship, you learn about each other and more
about yourself, such as feelings or concerns you did not realize you have, by
understanding self-disclosure and understanding the effects it can have on a
relationship than it allows you to become more open and trusting.
h. Why does this matter generally? Why does this matter for your couple? By
explaining EI to you, it allows you to become self-aware of your feelings and
understanding the feeling of your partner as well. Self-disclosure shows they can
open up and trust enough to share personal information about each other without
giving too much detail. Most people need to have trust in others before they
disclose personal information. In relationships, self-discloser continues over time
to turn into deeper, personal topics. Together as you both continue to share selfdisclosers, you will grow closer to each other and your relationship will last
longer and will be happier in the end.
OUTLINE PAPER
9
C. Body Paragraph #4 – Describe strategies for using communication techniques to resolve
interpersonal conflicts.
a. Topic Sentence: Conflicts are sure to occur in any relationship; thus, couples
should have strategies for managing interpersonal conflicts between one another
and resolve these conflicts with working solutions.
b. Supporting Evidence:
i. Relationships that lack interpersonal conflict entirely may seem great and
calm on the surface, but are more likely to have more problems on the
inside that are not being handled which can cause problems in the
relationship more (Belvan & Sole 2014 p.9.1)
ii. Author Donna Cardillo (n.d) states, that the problem is not conflict itself,
but rather how we deal with it. If you ignore or avoid it, it can lead to
increased stress and unresolved feelings of anger, hostility and resentment.
When you learn to manage conflict effectively, youll be happier and
healthier, physically and emotionally. (para. 3)
iii. Depressed individuals tend to express less functional conflict
communication and show less problem solving behavior and more
negative and disruptive communication, (Heene, E., Buysse, A., & van
Oost, P. 2005, p. 414)
iv. Bevan & Sole (2014) state that instead of accusing someone of causing
your feeling by saying, “You make me angry,” it is more accurate and
OUTLINE PAPER
10
more responsible to say, “I feel angry.” You can mention what the other
person is doing that is causing you to feel anger
c. Explanation:
Conflicts are unavoidable in relationships which is why communication is very
important. When couples manage interpersonal conflicts instead of avoiding them,
they tend to have happier marriages. One strategy is to throw-in positive comments
and/or humor during conflict situations rather than responding with anger.
d. Why does this matter generally? Why does this matter for your couple?
Couples should have plans and solutions for any unforeseen conflict situation.
Conflicts that are managed with more positive communication than negative will
result in happier marriage. By keeping a solution to your conflict in mind, you
can become a more effective communicator with your partner, remember the
number one key is to listen to what the other person has to say.
D. Body Paragraph #5 – Analyze the impact of gender and culture on interpersonal communications.
OUTLINE PAPER
11
a. Topic Sentence: Men and woman have always been considered different, and
when involving how each were raised in different cultures that has an even more
impact on the differences. How they communicate with others all goes beyond
how they raised in their culture and how they have learned to function throughout
the years.
b. Supporting Evidence:
i. According to Cynthia Burggraf Torppa, Ph.D. (2010), societal
expectations often make women responsible for regulating intimacy, or
how close they allow others to come. For that reason, it is argued that
women pay more attention than men to the underlying meanings about
intimacy that messages imply. (para. 2)
ii. Gregorio Billikopf (2012) states, that both men and women report having
awareness of whether they touch others when they speak. Even men, in
contrast to women, seem to be more cognizant of their behavior (para. 6)
iii. Bevan & Sole (2014) states Every society has a culture, or a number of
different culturesa relatively specialized set of traditions, beliefs, values,
and norms, or standards of behavior that have been passed down from
generation to generation by way of communication. Culture is often
described as the way we learn to do things. (p. 3.1)
c. Explanation:
In explanation we see that even though many will deny, men and women are stereotyped
because of their orientation. Its believed that men may be the ones to have a better leadership
OUTLINE PAPER
12
role because they are more masculine and that they are less in tuned to feelings even though this
clearly isnt the case. Men and women can both be based as the same orientation when it comes
to interpersonal communication.
d. Why does this matter generally? Why does this matter for your couple? You
need to understand as a couple that you both play important roles when it comes
to communicating with one another and that one doesnt over power the other
because of their gender orientation. Remember that both of you are equals and the
relationship needs to be built upon this.
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13
E. Conclusion – In closing, individuals should know the principles of effective interpersonal
communications, identify the principles of and barriers to effective interpersonal
communications, define the role of emotional intelligence, understand the appropriate
levels of self-disclosure in relationships, and learn strategies for managing interpersonal
conflicts to effectively use interpersonal communication in their relationship. By
focusing on these key principles of effective interpersonal communications, couples who
recognize this important information and apply what they have learned in everyday life
will become effective communicators. If the barriers of interpersonal interactions, such
as silence, placating, and playing games, continue to be ignored, they can cause very real
damage. While emotional intelligence can instruct how people interact with others, it can
also allow them to handle emotional problems in a healthy way. The level of selfdisclosure one gives is on a level of trust that one has for others and by understanding and
knowing the risks can lead to successful relationships. Couples that have strategies for
any future problems or situations are able to better manage conflicts when they occur.
And become a healthier relationship and also have a longer and healthier marriage
because of it. Great relationships are because of those couples who work on their
communication every day and stride to make it better, they work on not only their selves
in the relationship but work to have a great strong everlasting love.
OUTLINE PAPER
14
References
Batool, S. S., & Khalid, R. (2009). Role of emotional intelligence in marital relationship.
Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 24(1), 43-62. Retrieved from
http://search.proquest.com/docview/89070625?accountid=32521
Bevan, J.L. & Sole, K. (2014). Making connections: Understanding interpersonal communication
(2nd ed.) Retrieved from:
https://content.ashford.edu/books/AUCOM200.14.1/sections/sec1.2?search=%20effectiv
e%20interpersonal%20communications#w4502
Billikopf, G., (2012). Gender and Culture Communication Differences. Retrieved from:
http://www.mediate.com/articles/BillikopfG3.cfm
Cardillo, D., (n.d). Seven Strategies for Managing Conflict. Retrieved from:

Seven Strategies for Managing Conflict

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Heene, E., Buysse, A., & van Oost, P. (2005). Indirect pathways between depressive symptoms
and marital distress: the role of conflict communication, attributions, and attachment
style. Family Process, 44(4), 413-440.
Markus, H., & Wurf, E. (1987). The Dynamic Self-Concept: A Social Psychological Perspective.
Annual Review of Psychology, 38(1), 299-337
Preston, P. (2005). Nonverbal Communication: Do You Really Say What You Mean? Journal of
Healthcare Management, 50(2), 83-86.
Torppa, C.B., (2010). Gender Issues: Communication Differences in Interpersonal Relationships.
Retrieved from: http://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/FLM-FS-4-02-R10
OUTLINE PAPER
Yu, J., Hu, P. J., & Cheng, T. (2015). Role of Affect in Self-Disclosure on Social Network
Websites: A Test of Two Competing Models. Journal of Management Information
Systems, 32(2), 239-277
15

Introduction:
Effective communication is a vital component of any successful relationship, especially when it comes to marriage. Communication can make or break a relationship and maintaining effective communication is essential for a happy, long-lasting union. This essay outline aims to explore the principles of effective interpersonal communication, barriers to communication, the role of emotional intelligence, appropriate levels of self-disclosure, and strategies for managing interpersonal conflicts. By learning and implementing these principles, couples can ensure healthy communication in their marriage.

Thesis Statement:
To maintain effective communication in a relationship, individuals should understand the principles of effective interpersonal communication, identify the principles of and barriers to effective interpersonal communication, understand the role of communication in developing and maintaining self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem, know the role of emotional intelligence, evaluate the appropriate levels of self-disclosure in relationships, and learn strategies for managing interpersonal conflicts and understanding gender roles. By implementing these lessons, couples can develop a healthy and happy relationship.

Description:
The essay outline is for an English course in Interpersonal Communication and is a preparatory assignment for the final essay. The assignment is to create an outline in a specific template format that explores the principles of effective interpersonal communication. The outline includes an introduction, a thesis statement, and a body paragraph that discusses the principles of and barriers to effective interpersonal communication. The essay aims to explore the importance of communication in maintaining a happy marriage and provides practical strategies for achieving this goal. By following the outline, individuals will be able to write an effective essay on the topic of effective interpersonal communication in marriage.

Objectives:
– Understand the principles of effective interpersonal communications
– Identify the barriers to effective interpersonal communications
– Evaluate appropriate levels of self-disclosure in relationships
– Learn strategies for managing interpersonal conflicts
– Understand the gender roles in interpersonal communication
– Understand the role of communication in developing and maintaining self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem

Learning Outcomes:
– Students will be able to apply the five principles of effective interpersonal communication in their personal relationships
– Students will be able to recognize and overcome barriers to effective interpersonal communication
– Students will be able to determine appropriate levels of self-disclosure in relationships
– Students will be able to use effective strategies for managing conflicts in interpersonal relationships
– Students will be able to understand and navigate gender roles in interpersonal communication
– Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the role of communication in developing and maintaining self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem.

Solution 1: Improving Interpersonal Communication in Marriage

Introduction:

The foundation of a successful marriage lies in effective interpersonal communication. This paper aims to provide couples with the principles of effective communication to avoid potential communication barriers and maintain a healthy relationship. The objectives include knowing the principles of effective interpersonal communications, identifying the principles of and barriers to effective interpersonal communications, understanding the role of communication in developing and maintaining one’s self-concept, self-image, and self-esteem, knowing the role of emotional intelligence, evaluating the appropriate levels of self-disclosure in relationships, and learning strategies for managing interpersonal conflicts and understanding gender roles.

Body Paragraph:

Couples should concentrate on five principles when wanting effective interpersonal communication, and they should practice using them every day to eliminate barriers in their relationship:

i. Supporting Evidence: IPC is the most critical factor when it comes to effective communication.

ii. Interpersonal communication requires ongoing practice for everyone.

iii. Interpersonal communication involves communicating for three primary purposes: to meet personal needs, to learn about ourselves and others, and to build and maintain relationships.

iv. Communication problems in a relationship can cause behaviors such as silence or refusing to communicate, placating, or playing games.

v. According to author Paul Preston (2005), couples should focus on active listening, practicing patience, using “I” statements, showing empathy, and taking the other person’s perspective into account for effective communication.

Solution 2: Overcoming the Barriers to Effective Interpersonal Communication in Marriage

Introduction:

Communication is the cornerstone of any successful relationship, especially marriage. However, many couples struggle with communication barriers that hinder their ability to communicate effectively. The following are five common barriers to effective communication, along with strategies to overcome them.

Body Paragraphs:

I. Psychological Barriers

a. People with different personalities and backgrounds may interpret messages differently.

b. Learning to “hear out” your partner by validating their thoughts and emotions.

II. Physical Barriers

a. Environment and very mundane factors may hinder communication.

b. Take care of any situational / environmental distractions to allow for clear communication.

III. Differences in Culture

a. Differences across culture, ethnicity, and languages can result in misinterpretation.

b. Clarify and repeat words or phrases to make sure there is no misunderstanding.

IV. Emotional Barriers

a. Emotions such as anxiety or anger can get in the way of effective communication.

b. Work towards emotional regulation and awareness to have better control over emotions.

V. Socioeconomic Barriers

a. Differences in social class or economic status may create communication barriers.

b. Strive for empathy and understanding in harnessing the relationship’s priorities.

Conclusion:

Mastering interpersonal communication takes time and requires effort, but the stakes are high. Effective communication opens up new potential and prospects to deeper connection, understanding and mutual respect between couples. Overcoming communication barriers in a marriage is an ongoing work in progress, but with perseverance, commitment, and dedication, couples can improve their relationship and build a long-lasting, healthy and happy foundation.

Suggested Resources/Books:
1. “Interpersonal Communication: Everyday Encounters” by Julia T. Wood
2. “The Five Love Languages” by Gary Chapman
3. “Why Men don’t Listen and Women can’t Read Maps” by Allan Pease and Barbara Pease
4. “Crucial Conversations: Tools for Talking When Stakes Are High” by Joseph Grenny, Al Switzler, and Ron McMillan
5. “Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life” by Marshall B. Rosenberg

Similar asked questions:
1. What are the different types of barriers in interpersonal communication?
2. How important is effective interpersonal communication in a relationship?
3. Can emotional intelligence contribute to better communication in a relationship?
4. What strategies can one use to manage interpersonal conflicts?
5. How can gender roles affect communication in a relationship?

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