What are the possible psychological causes of a specific criminal behavior?

  

Assignment 1: LASA 2Causes of CrimeBegin this assignment by selecting one type of criminal behavior that you have learned about in this course.Thoroughly analyze the possible psychological causes of the crime. Include at leastfoursources of literature, including at least one peer-reviewed journal article as well as lecture notes and text to support your position. Research the Argosy University online library resources to identify peer-reviewed journal articles for this assignment.Write a paper that includes the following:Introduce the chosen crime:Identify the statistics for incidence and rate of your selected crime in the U.S. Evaluate any issues you find with the statistics and state if these statistics are accurate. Why or why not?Analyze the crime in terms of the differences in offenders and victims based on race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, religion, etc.Apply three psychological theories that address the selected crime and explain the behavior of the criminal. Thoroughly discuss and analyze the chosen crime within the context of each of these theories. Take into account all of the statistics that you selected and ensure that the psychological theories chosen address these statistics and if they do not, explain why.Synthesize the information and choose one theory that best describes and accounts for the criminal behavior that you have chosen. Explain how this theory can assist in predicting and even preventing crime. What are the concerns about applying this theory?Be sure to include a title page and a page for references.Write a 57-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A1.doc.ByMonday, July 11, 2016, deliver your assignment to theM5: Assignment 1 Dropbox.Grading Criteria and RubricAssignment 1 Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsIdentify the statistics for incidence and rate for your selected crime in the U.S. Evaluate any issues you find with the statistics and state if these statistics are accurate including a discussion of why they are or are not accurate.40Analyze the crime in terms of the differences in offenders and victims based on race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, religion, etc.52Apply three psychological theories that address the selected crime and explain the behavior of the criminal. Thoroughly discuss and analyze the chosen crime within the context of each of these theories. Take into account all of the statistics that you selected and ensure that the psychological theories chosen address these statistics and if they do not, explain why.52Synthesize the information and choose one theory that best describes and accounts for the criminal behavior that you have chosen.52Explain how this theory can assist in predicting and even preventing crime. Identify any concerns.40Writing Components:Organization (16)Usage and Mechanics (16)APA Elements (24)Style (8)64Total:300The four previous papers are all in this course.Read the overview forModule 5From the textbook,Criminal behavior: A psychological approach, read the following chapters:Homicide, assault, and family violenceMultiple Murder, School, and Workplace ViolenceProperty and public order crimeViolent economic crime and crimes of intimidationSupplementary ResourcesFrom the Internet, review:Gaviria, M., & Smith, M. (Producers). (2009, May 12). The Madoff affair [Frontline]. Boston, MA: PBS/WGBH Educational Foundation. Retrieved fromhttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/madoff/view/?utm_campaign=homepage&utm_medium=top5&utm_source=top5

Objectives:
– To explore the possible psychological causes of criminal behavior
– To apply psychological theories to a specific type of criminal behavior
– To determine the accuracy of statistics on a particular crime
– To evaluate differences in offenders and victims based on various demographics
– To select one psychological theory that best describes criminal behavior and its potential for predicting and preventing future crimes

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Learning Outcomes:
By the end of this assignment, students will be able to:
– Analyze and evaluate the possible psychological causes of a specific crime by using at least four sources of literature
– Apply at least three psychological theories to a particular type of criminal behavior
– Explain how statistics on crime may or may not accurately represent the incidence and rate of the crime
– Discuss differences in offenders and victims based on race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, and religion
– Choose one psychological theory that best describes and accounts for the criminal behavior
– Analyze the selected theory’s potential for predicting and preventing criminal behavior, as well as potential concerns with its application

Headings:
– Introduction of chosen crime
– Analysis of statistics on incidence and rate of selected crime in the US
– Evaluation of issues with statistics
– Discussion of offenders and victims based on demographics
– Application of three psychological theories to the selected crime
– Analysis of the chosen crime within the context of each theory
– Synthesis of information and selection of one theory that best accounts for the criminal behavior
– Explanation of how this theory can assist in predicting and preventing crime
– Identification of any concerns with the selected theory’s application
– Title page and references

Solution 1:

Title: Exploring the Psychological Causes of Property and Public Order Crime

Introduction:

This paper aims to analyze the possible psychological causes of property and public order crime. The incidence and rate of property and public order crime in the US will be identified. Additionally, the crime will be analyzed in terms of the differences in offenders and victims based on race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, religion, etc.

Psychological Theories:

1. Social Learning Theory: This theory posits that people learn from social interactions with significant others. Essentially, individuals are influenced by others they come in contact with. Applied to the context of property and public order crime, social learning theory suggests that people, specifically criminals, learn the behavior from others around them.

2. Strain Theory: This theory emphasizes that individuals in society have aspirations and goals that aren’t always achievable due to societal barriers. Society places emphasis on achieving success and wealth, and when some individuals are unable to achieve this, it creates strain and frustration. This strain can lead to criminal behavior as some individuals resort to crime to achieve their goals.

3. Labeling Theory: This theory posits that criminal behavior is a result of being labeled as deviant. Essentially, individuals begin to internalize labels that they are given, and this can turn them towards criminal behavior. Applied to the context of property and public order crime, labeling theory suggests that when individuals are labeled as “criminals” or “deviants”, they begin to behave in accordance with these labels.

Chosen Theory:

After analyzing the data, it is concluded that Strain Theory best describes and accounts for the criminal behavior of property and public order crime. The strain caused by the unattainable societal goals leads to deviance and, ultimately, criminal behavior.

Predicting and Preventing Crime:

Strain theory can be used to predict crime and to prevent it. Addressing the societal barriers that perpetuate strain and stress can be used to prevent crime. Additionally, counseling and job training programs can help individuals cope better with the strain and stress they face, and this can reduce instances of property and public order crime.

Solution 2:

Title: Analyzing the Psychological Causes of Homicide in the US

Introduction:

This paper aims to explore the possible psychological causes of homicide in the US. The incidence and rate of homicide will be identified, and any issues with the statistics will be evaluated to ascertain their accuracy.

Psychological Theories:

1. Psychoanalytic Theory: This theory emphasizes that violent behavior is a result of childhood experiences. Children who witnessed violence when they were young are more prone to engaging in violent behavior themselves. Applied to the context of homicide, this theory suggests that individuals who engage in homicidal acts had experiences with violence when they were young.

2. Social Structure Theory: This theory posits that a person’s position in society influences their behavior. Specifically, individuals in lower social strata are more prone to crime and violent behavior. Applied to the context of homicide, social structure theory suggests that individuals who engage in homicidal behavior are likely to be from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.

3. Psychopathy Theory: This theory posits that some individuals have a lack of empathy and guilt. These individuals are termed “psychopaths.” Applied to the context of homicide, this theory suggests that individuals who engage in homicidal behavior have psychopathic tendencies.

Chosen Theory:

After analyzing the data, it is concluded that Psychoanalytic Theory best describes and accounts for the criminal behavior of homicide. Childhood experiences with violence can lead to homicidal behavior in adulthood.

Predicting and Preventing Crime:

Psychoanalytic theory can be used to predict crime and prevent it. Specifically, addressing childhood experiences with violence is a potential preventative measure. Additionally, early intervention and therapy for individuals who have experienced violence when they were young can help reduce instances of homicidal behavior in adulthood.

Suggested Resources/Books:
1. “Criminal Behaviour: A Psychological Approach” by Curt R. Bartol and Anne M. Bartol
2. “The Criminal Mind” by Katherine Ramsland
3. “The Anatomy of Violence: The Biological Roots of Crime” by Adrian Raine
4. “Evil: Inside Human Violence and Cruelty” by Roy F. Baumeister

Similar Questions:
1. What are some psychological theories that explain criminal behavior?
2. How do race and ethnicity impact the incidence of crimes in the US?
3. What are the flaws in using statistics to measure crime rate?
4. Can psychological theories predict and prevent crime?
5. How do economic factors influence criminal behavior?

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