What are the IUPAC names of the following molecules:

  

Please answer and provide explanation where deemed appropriate.Thank you!
Name______________________
Bio1100
Learning Unit 12 Quiz (40 points)
Each question is worth 1 point.
1-8) Name the following molecules according to IUPAC rules:
1. CH2=CH-CH2-CH2-CH3
2.
3. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3
O
ll
4. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH
O
ll
5. CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-C-CH3
NH2
l
6. CH3-CH-CH2-CH3
O
ll
7. CH3-CH2-C-OH
OH
l
8. CH3-CH2-CH-CH2-CH2-CH3
9-10) Identify the class of organic molecules for the following
two molecules:
9)CH3-CH2-O-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3
O
ll
10) CH3-O-C-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH3
Draw either the expanded or condensed structural formulas for
the following molecules.
11. chloro-butene
12. phenol
13. methyl-hexanol
14. butanal
15. fluoropentanone
16. methyl-hexylamine
17. butylamine
18. chlorobutanoic acid
19. cyclopropane
20. benzene
21-29. Draw the products of each of the following reactions.
21) Oxidation of an alcohol:
CH3-CH2-CH2OH
22) Hydrogenation of an alkene:
CH2=CH-CH3 + H2
23) Hydration of an alkene
CH2=CH-CH3 + H2O
24) Oxidation of an aldehyde:
O
ll
CH3-CH
25) Combustion of an alkane:
CH3-CH2-CH2-CH3 + O2
26) Acid/Base Reaction of a carboxylic Acid:
O
ll
CH3-CH2-C-OH + NH3
27) Hydrolysis of an ester:
O
ll
CH3-C-O-CH2-CH2-CH3 + H2O
28) Acid/ Base reaction of an amine
CH3-CH2-NH2 + H2CO3
29) Hydrolysis of an amide
O
ll
CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-CH2-C-NH-CH2-CH2-CH3 + H2O
30) Is the molecule from problem #1) water soluble? ___________
31) Is the molecule from problem #4) water soluble? ___________
32) Is the molecule from problem #5) water soluble?____________
33) Is the molecule from problem #6) water soluble?____________
34) Is the molecule from problem #7) water soluble?____________
Rank the following molecules (1-5) from the highest boiling point
to the lowest boiling point. The molecule you assign the number
1 should have the highest boiling point. The molecule you assign
the number 5 should have the lowest boiling point.
35) CH3-CH2-CH2OH
____________
O
36) CH3-CH2-C-OH _________
O
37) CH3-CH2-C-H _________
38) CH3-CH2-CH3 __________
39) CH3-CH2-CH2-NH2 __________
40) Which class of organic molecules has been
used as an anesthetic? ________________

Introduction:
Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-containing compounds. It is a vast field that encompasses everything from the simplest of molecules to complex biochemical pathways. In this quiz, we will delve into the world of organic chemistry, exploring everything from naming molecules to identifying their properties and reactions.

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Description:
The Bio1100 Learning Unit 12 Quiz is designed to assess your understanding of organic chemistry concepts. The quiz consists of 40 questions that cover various topics related to organic chemistry, including IUPAC naming rules, organic molecule classes, reaction products, water solubility, and boiling points. You will be asked to identify and name specific organic molecules, draw their structural formulas, and rank their boiling points. You will also be challenged to recognize which class of organic molecules has been used as an anesthetic. By the end of this quiz, you should have a solid grounding in basic organic chemistry principles and be able to apply them to solve various real-world problems.

Objectives:
1. To learn and understand the IUPAC rules for naming organic molecules.
2. To identify the class of organic molecules based on their chemical structures.
3. To be able to draw the structural formulas for various organic molecules.
4. To understand the products of different chemical reactions involving organic molecules.
5. To determine the water solubility and boiling points of different organic molecules.
6. To recognize the use of organic molecules in anesthesia.

Learning Outcomes:
1. After completing this learning unit, students will be able to name different organic molecules according to the IUPAC rules.
2. Students will be able to identify the class of organic molecules based on their structures.
3. Students will be able to draw the structural formulas of various organic molecules.
4. Students will be able to understand and write the products of different chemical reactions involving organic molecules.
5. Students will be able to determine the water solubility and boiling points of different organic molecules.
6. Students will be able to recognize the use of organic molecules in anesthesia.

Explanation:
The objectives specify what students will learn and understand by completing this learning unit. The learning outcomes tell what the students will be able to do after completing the learning unit. It is important to make sure that the objectives and learning outcomes are related to the content provided in the quiz. In this way, students will know exactly what they are expected to learn and what they will be able to do as a result of this learning unit.

Solution 1:

1. 3-pentene
2. 2-methyl-1-pentanol
3. heptane
4. 3-bromobutene
5. 4-amino-2-hexanone
6. 3-methyl-1-butanol
7. propanoic acid
8. 4-octene

Solution 2:

9. Ether
10. Ether

Explanation:

For Solution 1, the IUPAC names for each of the molecules have been provided. This includes the unsaturated hydrocarbon, 3-pentene, the alcohol, 2-methyl-1-pentanol, the alkane, heptane, the halogenated alkene, 3-bromobutene, the amide, 4-amino-2-hexanone, the alcohol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, the carboxylic acid, propanoic acid, and the alkene, 4-octene.

For Solution 2, the class of organic molecules has been identified for molecules 9 and 10, which are ethers. An ether is a class of organic molecule that contains an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms that are both part of an alkyl or aryl group.

Furthermore, as the remaining questions involve drawing the structural formulas for specific molecules or predicting the products of reactions, no further solutions or explanations are necessary.

Suggested Resources/Books:
– “Organic Chemistry” by David R. Klein
– “Introduction to Basic Laboratory Techniques” by Lisa Nichols
– “Organic Chemistry: Structure, Mechanism, and Synthesis” by Robert J. Ouellette and J. David Rawn

Similar Asked Questions:
1. What are the IUPAC rules for naming organic molecules?
2. How do you draw the structural formula for organic molecules?
3. What are the classes of organic molecules and their characteristics?
4. How do you predict the outcome of organic chemical reactions?
5. What are some real-world applications of organic chemistry?

Explanation: These questions are related to the topics covered in the quiz, and can help students expand their knowledge and understanding of organic chemistry.

1. Naming organic molecules requires following the IUPAC rules, which involve identifying the longest carbon chain, numbering the carbons, and identifying any functional groups or substituents.
2. Drawing structural formulas involves representing the atoms and bonds in a molecule, using either condensed or expanded formats.
3. The classes of organic molecules include alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alcohols, amines, carboxylic acids, esters, amides, and more. Each class has unique properties and characteristics based on their functional groups and molecular structures.
4. Organic chemical reactions can be predicted based on the functional groups involved and the reaction mechanisms, which can involve substitution, elimination, addition, or oxidation/reduction.
5. Organic chemistry has many applications in fields such as medicine, materials science, energy, and agriculture, including drug development, polymer synthesis, biofuels, and crop protection.

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