What are the demographics and health profile of a current rural community in the United States?


Must be original work paper on describing the challenges faced in rural (non metropolitan area) health.1. identify a current United States rural community and provide a description of the demographics and health profile of the community.2. Discuss unique challenges faced by this community based on your research.3. Discuss how the (ACA) can assist this community in receiving optimal preventive and high quality healthcare.4. Identify and explain one recommendation to improve rural care.APA formatting and citation 3 full page single space, (title and reference page separate).paper must be supported by scholarly sources

Introduction: Rural communities in the United States face significant challenges in accessing and receiving optimal healthcare services. Research indicates that individuals living in non-metropolitan areas often experience a lower quality of healthcare and have limited healthcare options available to them. This paper will identify a current rural community in the United States, describe the demographics and health profile of the community, discuss the unique challenges faced by this community, explore how the Affordable Care Act (ACA) can assist in providing optimal healthcare services, and provide recommendations to improve rural care.

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Description: In the United States, rural communities account for approximately 20% of the population. These communities are often characterized by a lack of healthcare professionals, limited healthcare infrastructure, and socioeconomic challenges that impact individual’s access to healthcare. The targeted rural community for this paper is the town of Quitman, Arkansas. Located in Cleburne County, Quitman has a population of approximately 800 residents. The majority of the population is White with a median age of 39 years. Over 20% of the population is 65 years or older. The health profile of Quitman’s residents show that there is a high prevalence of chronic conditions such as obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, which can limit an individual’s quality of life. Additionally, limited access to healthcare providers in the area exacerbates healthcare challenges the community is already facing.

Challenges Faced by Quitman, Arkansas
A significant challenge faced by Quitman is limited healthcare resources due to the town’s small population size. In addition, the majority of individuals living in rural communities are uninsured or underinsured, which limits their access to preventative healthcare services, specialty care, and telehealth services. There is also a lack of healthcare providers and facilities in the area as a result of the low population density. Additionally, the distance between Quitman and major medical facilities in cities such as Little Rock and Conway can make it challenging for residents to access specialist care and emergency medical care.

ACA and its Changes
The ACA includes provisions created to improve access to healthcare in rural areas, such as expanding Medicaid coverage and funding to increase healthcare providers. Medicaid expansion can potentially provide coverage to individuals who would otherwise be left uninsured in the community. Moreover, the ACA provides funding for telehealth services, which can aid in addressing rural healthcare access difficulties for more specialized care options.

Recommendations for Improvement
One recommendation for helping Quitman and the surrounding area is expanding existing rural healthcare programs to increase access to preventative care in the community. These programs can include telemedicine services for specialty care, community health workers to help improve health literacy and increase healthcare awareness, and funding for expanding existing healthcare infrastructure.

In conclusion, the challenges Quitman, Arkansas, and other rural communities face in terms of healthcare access and quality are considerable. However, there are potential solutions for improving healthcare in these areas, such as ACA’s initiatives, expanded rural healthcare programs, and funding for improvements. By implementing such steps, all the rural communities could gain access to quality healthcare services.


1. To understand the demographic and health profile of a United States rural community.
2. To analyze the unique challenges faced by a United States rural community in accessing quality healthcare.
3. To evaluate the role of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in providing preventive and high-quality healthcare to the rural community.
4. To explore recommendations for improving rural care.

Learning Outcomes:

1. Learners will be able to identify the unique characteristics of a rural community and their impact on health outcomes.
2. Learners will be able to discuss the challenges faced by the rural community in accessing quality healthcare.
3. Learners will be able to explain how the ACA can assist in meeting the healthcare needs of the rural community.
4. Learners will be able to recommend strategies for improving rural care based on current research and evidence.


I. Introduction
– Definition of rural community
– Purpose of the paper

II. Demographics and Health Profile of a United States Rural Community
– Identification of a selected rural community
– Overview of community demographics
– Overview of community health profile

III. Unique Challenges Faced by the Rural Community in Accessing Quality Healthcare
– Barriers to healthcare access
– Scarcity of healthcare professionals
– Inadequate health facilities

IV. Role of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in Providing Preventive and High-Quality Healthcare to Rural Community
– Overview of the ACA and its impact on rural healthcare
– Examples of ACA initiatives benefiting rural communities

V. Recommendations for Improving Rural Care
– Analysis of current strategies for improving rural care
– Recommendation of a viable strategy for improving rural care

VI. Conclusion
– Recap of paper’s main points
– Call to further action

VII. References
– List of scholarly sources used in the paper’s preparation.

Solution 1: Improving Healthcare Delivery in Rural America


Rural parts of America may have challenges that differ from urban areas regarding healthcare. Rural areas have several challenges, ranging from fewer healthcare providers, low income levels, higher poverty incidence, and remote locations that affect accessibility to care. This paper will identify and address the challenges faced in a rural community in the United States and offer solutions to improve health care delivery.

Description of Demographics and Health Profile of Buncombe County, North Carolina

Buncombe County, North Carolina, is situated in the western region of the state. With an area of 660 square miles, the county is home to an estimated population of 261,191 people, according to the US Census Bureau (2019). The population is primarily white, with African Americans forming the minority group. The county’s median household income in 2019 was $54,999, while the poverty rate was 14%. Buncombe County lacks several factors common in urban areas, mostly healthcare facilities, particular specialists. As such, many residents travel long distances to seek medical assistance.

Unique Challenges Faced by the Community

Healthcare accessibility is the most significant challenge faced by this community. According to the North Carolina State Medical Board Profile, the county has only 2.7 primary care physicians per 10,000 residents, lower than the national median of 3.6. The shortage of healthcare providers in Buncombe County, particularly specialists, limits the range of services available to residents. This challenge is further compounded by the county’s poverty rate, with many families unable to afford medical expenses. Additionally, some residents lack access to health insurance, limiting their ability to access quality healthcare further.

Role of the ACA in Improving Healthcare Delivery

The ACA has taken steps to improve healthcare delivery in several ways, particularly in rural areas. The ACA makes it easier and more affordable for patients to access healthcare, thanks to the provision of subsidies and tax credits to help with insurance premiums. The ACA has also expanded Medicaid eligibility criteria to promote coverage of low-income households. Finally, The ACA establishes Community Health Centers in several communities, aiming to increase access to care for underserved areas.

Recommendations to Improve Rural Care

One recommendation for improving rural care delivery is to expand telemedicine services in Buncombe County. Telemedicine is a cost-effective, reliable option that allows patients to see healthcare providers from remote locations. Telemedicine can provide specialized care in a broader range of fields, even in underserved areas. This effort involves expanding broadband internet services across Buncombe County, a critical infrastructure requirement in remote areas like the County. The government can give incentives for healthcare providers and hospitals to integrate telemedicine services, including increasing reimbursements and offering grants.

Solution 2: Tackling Health Disparities in Rural America


Rural Americans live in communities that tend to have higher morbidity and mortality rates than urban areas. Rural parts of America have several challenges, including distance from healthcare facilities, workforce shortages, lower incomes, among others. This paper identifies the challenges faced in a rural community in the United States and suggests interventions to reduce health disparities.

Demographics and Health Profile of Humphreys County, Mississippi.

Humphreys County, Mississippi, is a rural community located in the central part of the state. The county’s estimated population as of 2019 was 8,360, with a majority African American population of 77%. The county’s median household income is low, with some pockets of high poverty rates. Furthermore, the county lacks essential infrastructure such as grocery stores and access to healthy foods. Humphreys remains a Medicaid-dependent county, with the program serving over 55% of the county’s population.

Unique Challenges Faced by the Community

Humphreys County faces various healthcare challenges, such as lack of healthcare facilities, shortage of healthcare providers, and higher cancer and cardiovascular disease burdens. The county also has a high infant mortality rate and a lower life expectancy than the national average. Access to care is hampered by the County’s remote location, transportation challenges, and a lack of health insurance coverage.

Role of the ACA in Reducing Health Disparities

The ACA aims to address health disparities by providing affordable, quality care to all Americans. The ACA expansion of Medicaid eligibility means that more individuals in Humphreys County can access insurance coverage and available healthcare services. The ACA also provides funding for community-based programs that aim at improving population health and reducing health disparities. Additionally, the Affordable Care Act requires nonprofit hospitals to conduct a comprehensive community health needs assessment (CHNA) every three years, leading to targeted interventions to address health disparities.

Recommendations to Reduce Health Disparities

One recommendation aimed at reducing health disparities in Humphreys County is by increasing access to care through telehealth. Telehealth options will improve healthcare delivery by providing virtual consultation, extending access to specialized care to underserved areas. Telemedicine increases flexibility in delivering health care services, ultimately increasing efficiency in the healthcare system. To facilitate this intervention, the County Government can partner with private providers to offer telehealth options that address specific issues such as chronic diseases. This approach will require substantial investment in connectivity infrastructure,data privacy and security legislation, and providing incentives to encourage healthcare providers to offer telehealth options.


In conclusion, this paper has discussed the challenges encountered in providing optimal healthcare in rural areas and offered recommendations to address them. Improving healthcare access requires a comprehensive approach, involving investment in infrastructure, partnerships, and community engagement. Local and federal governments need to advocate for policies that address the needs of rural residents and promote health equity.

Suggested Resources/Books:

1. Rural Health – The Official Journal of The National Rural Health Association
2. Rural Health Information Hub – A collection of resources related to rural healthcare.
3. Beyond the Stethoscope: Doctors’ Stories of Reclaiming Hope, Heart, and Healing in Rural America by Lucy L. S. Berrington and Cynthia C. X. Pan.
4. The Health Gap: The Challenge of an Unequal World by Michael Marmot.
5. Rural Health in the United States by Kristine A. Kwekkeboom and Mary K. Madsen.

Similar Asked Questions:

1. What are some common health issues faced by rural communities in the United States?
2. How does living in a rural area impact access to healthcare?
3. What is the role of telemedicine in providing healthcare services to rural areas?
4. How has the Affordable Care Act impacted rural healthcare?
5. What steps can be taken to address the shortage of healthcare workers in rural areas?

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