What are some examples of the South Asian trade world and Central Asia that contributed to Asia being the world from 1000-1500 C.E.?

  

2. What were the main sources of strength and prosperity for the Incan (Tawantinsuyu) Empire and the Aztec empire at their heights? How did those same factors ultimately contribute to the demise of the two empires?
3. A historian once said that between 1000-1500 C.E., Asia was the world. What do you think he meant by that? Draw on examples from at least three regions: China, and the South Asian trade world, Central Asia, or Korea and Japan. Contrast these places with other parts of the world as necessary.

Introduction:
The vast empires that existed during the pre-Columbian and medieval era left behind a legacy of stories, traditions, and civilizations that continue to captivate historians and archaeologists. Two of such pre-Columbian empires are the Incan (Tawantinsuyu) Empire and the Aztec empire. Both empires enjoyed great strength and prosperity, yet eventually declined and fell. This article intends to delve deeper into what contributed to the success of these empires, and how those same factors eventually led to their downfall. The article will also explore the statement by a historian that Asia was the world between 1000-1500 CE.

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Description:

Sources of Strength and Prosperity for the Incan Empire and Aztec Empire:
The Incan Empire was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America, covering parts of modern-day Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, and Colombia. The empire’s strength and prosperity were largely due to its highly centralized government, sophisticated road network, and military tactics. The execution of public infrastructure projects such as the construction of roads, agricultural terraces, and irrigation systems helped spur economic prosperity in the empire. Additionally, the exploitation of precious metals in the Andean highlands also contributed to the empire’s economy.

The Aztec Empire was located in the heart of Mexico and was renowned for its military dominance and expansionist policies. The empire’s impressive urban planning, resourcefulness, and skilled craftsmanship helped it endure for centuries. The Aztec economy relied on the production of crops like maize, beans, and squash, tribute from conquered regions, and more famously, the trade of the prized cacao beans.

Contribution to the Downfall of the Empires:
Despite their initial success, the same factors that led to their strength and prosperity eventually became their undoing. The rigid centralization of power in the Incan Empire made it difficult for the empire to manage crises, such as food shortages and epidemics, leading to revolts among its subjects. Similarly, the Aztec’s destiny was sealed with their thirst for conquest, as they overextended their military and gave rise to revolts among conquered subjects.

Asia’s Dominance between 1000-1500 CE:
Asia’s dominance is attributed to various factors, such as the widespread cultural and religious exchanges between several regions, the trade between China and the South Asian trade world, and the advancements in agriculture and metallurgy. Through these channels, regions such as Korea and Japan and Central Asia influenced and contributed to the growth of Asian civilization. In contrast, other parts of the world, such as Europe and Africa, were not as advanced or organized.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the Incan Empire, the Aztec Empire, and the Asian civilization all had unique sources of strength and prosperity, but later got brought down by the very factors that brought them success. The statement that Asia was the world from 1000-1500 CE is supported by the inter-regional relationship, technological advances, and cultural exchanges that took place during that period.

Objectives:
1. To analyze the main sources of strength and prosperity for the Incan Tawantinsuyu Empire and the Aztec empire at their respective heights.
2. To identify the factors that contributed to the ultimate downfall of the Incan Tawantinsuyu Empire and the Aztec empire.
3. To examine the significance of Asia as the world between 1000-1500 C.E.
4. To draw on examples from at least three regions, including China, the South Asian trade world, Central Asia, or Korea and Japan, to understand the historian’s statement.
5. To compare and contrast different parts of the world to further understand the significance of Asia during this period.

Learning Outcomes:
1. Students will be able to analyze and identify the main sources of strength and prosperity for the Incan Tawantinsuyu Empire and the Aztec empire at their respective heights.
2. Students will understand the factors that ultimately contributed to the downfall of the Incan Tawantinsuyu Empire and the Aztec empire.
3. Students will be able to explain the historian’s statement regarding Asia as the world between 1000-1500 C.E.
4. Students will be able to apply the examples from three regions, namely China, the South Asian trade world, Central Asia, or Korea and Japan, to expand their understanding of Asia’s significance during this period.
5. Students will be able to compare and contrast different parts of the world to gain a deeper understanding of Asia’s centrality during this period.

Solution 1:
The main sources of strength and prosperity for the Incan (Tawantinsuyu) Empire And the Aztec empire at their heights were agriculture, military power, and trade routes. The Incas developed a complex irrigation system that enabled them to cultivate crops efficiently. They built terraces in the mountains to farm, and their system of roads allowed for easy transportation of goods. The Aztecs, on the other hand, developed an intricate trade system that allowed them to exchange goods with their neighbors. Both empires also had excellent military power, which helped them expand their territories and maintain their control over their subjects. However, the same factors ultimately contributed to their demise. The reliance on agriculture made them vulnerable to natural disasters such as droughts or floods. The military power that once aided in expansion and control eventually led to rebellion and division. Additionally, the trade routes that once brought prosperity to their economies were disrupted by European explorers who brought with them diseases and violence.

Solution 2:
The historian who said that between 1000-1500 C.E., Asia was the world referred to the prominent influence that Asia had on the world during that period. In China, the Song dynasty created great technological advancements, including the invention of gunpowder, which had a massive impact on warfare and trade. The South Asian trade world included regions such as the Indian Ocean, where goods were exchanged between Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Central Asia became an essential trade route that linked Europe with Asia, and there was a significant exchange of goods and ideas. In Korea and Japan, advancements in agriculture and trade transformed their economies. However, these places were in contrast to other parts of the world that didn’t experience the same level of technological advancement. The historian meant that during that period, Asia was leading the world in innovation, and their leadership had a global effect.

Suggested Resources/Books:

1) “The Inca Empire: An Interactive History Adventure” by Elizabeth Raum
2) “Aztec Empire” by Johnathan Hass
3) “Asia: A Concise History” by Arthur Cotterell
4) “China: A Cultural and Historical Dictionary” by Michael Dillon
5) “South Asia: An Environmental History” by Christopher V. Hill

Main Sources of Strength and Prosperity for Incan and Aztec Empires:

The Incan and Aztec Empires were both historically wealthy and powerful empires. The Incan Empire’s strength and prosperity came from their technological advancements in engineering, transportation, and communication. They were also known for their vast reserves of precious metals such as gold and silver. The Incas were able to efficiently manage their vast empire through a complex bureaucratic system and ambitious infrastructure projects. The Aztec Empire, on the other hand, derived its strength from its vast and fertile lands, complex and sophisticated social and political structure, and a highly organized military force. Additionally, the Aztecs were masters of agriculture and trade and were able to efficiently manage their resources through advanced record-keeping systems.

Factors Contributing to the Demise of Incan and Aztec Empires:

The same factors that contributed to the strength and prosperity of the Incan and Aztec Empires also contributed to their eventual demises. For the Incas, their vast empire and complex bureaucracy made them vulnerable to internal corruption, political infighting, and eventual collapse. The Conquistadors, Spanish explorers, and conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro, also seized upon this weakness and exploited it in their eventual conquest of the empire.

The Aztecs fell due to a combination of factors such as internal political instability, economic pressure, and external suffocation brought about by the Spanish conquest led by Hernán Cortés. The Aztecs faced widespread death from European diseases that caused untold devastation. They were also politically fragmented by the time the Spanish arrived, making it easier for them to be divided and conquered.

What Historians Meant by “Asia was the World”:

Between 1000-1500 CE, Asia was the dominant region of the world. At this time, it was home to the greatest civilizations, military powers, and cultural achievements. Asia was the heart of global civilization, witnessing simultaneous and competing empires such as China, Japan, Korea, and India. In terms of commerce and intellectual inquiry, the Asian continent was the center of the world. Asian inventions such as printing, paper, gunpowder, and the compass revolutionized the world. The historian meant that, at this time, Asia had the most significant impact on global events, and its civilizations and empires were at the forefront of global innovation.

Similar Asked Questions:

1) What were the main factors that contributed to the success and eventual downfall of ancient empires like the Roman Empire?
2) What evidence is there to suggest that Africa played a significant role in global history before European colonialism?
3) Describe the economic, military, and cultural contributions of the Ottoman Empire to world history.
4) How did the Age of Enlightenment in Europe affect global society and politics in the long run?
5) Discuss the impact of religion on various historical civilizations and empires, such as the British Empire and the Islamic Caliphate.

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